The pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a fruit. It has seeds that are covered in an edible red pulp, called sarcotesta. In the spring, beautiful blossom flowers are seen on the pomegranate tree.
The pomegranate was first known in Iran and the Himalayas in northern India and has since been spread to many kinds of dry areas with seasonal rainfall. Its Hindi name is anar. In Sri Lanka it is known as "delum".
In ancient Rome, the pomegranate was crushed and used as dye. The color was associated with the very rich or high authority figures. The Emperor himself would often wear clothes dyed by the pomegranate.[source?]
Several other cultures (such as ancient Greece) also associated the pomegranate with the "underworld". The Greeks believed that this fruit was a part of Hades' (the god of the underworld) personal garden in the underworld.