Tonka bean

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Tonka bean
Tonka Beans
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Dipteryx
Species: D. odorata
Binomial name
Dipteryx odorata
(Aubl.) Willd.
Synonyms

Coumarouna odorata Aubl.
Coumarouna tetraphylla (Benth.) Aubl.
Dipteryx tetraphylla Benth.

Dipteryx odorata is a species of flowering tree in the pea family Fabaceae. Its seeds are known as Tonka beans. They are black and wrinkled and have a smooth brown center.

Uses[change | edit source]

Tonka Beans had been used as a vanilla substitute, as a perfume, and in tobacco before being banned in some countries. They are used in some French cuisine (particularly, in desserts and stews) and in perfumes. Today, main producers of the seeds are Venezuela and Nigeria.

The beans were also spelled as "Tonquin"[1] and "Tonkin",[2] although it has no link with Tonkin, now part of Vietnam.

References[change | edit source]

  1. Elizabeth Gaskell, Cranford (1851)
  2. "Ate His Chop in Solitude: Tennyson's Aloofness Respected by Fellow Diners at Restaurant He Patronized", The Mt. Sterling Advocate. Wednesday, October 6, 1909. Mt. Sterling, KY: Harris and Mason