Punica

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Punica
Pomegranate fruit.jpg
Punica granatum fruit
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Lythraceae
Subfamily: Punicoideae
(Horan.) Graham, Thorne & Reveal
Genus: Punica
L.
Species
Synonyms

Socotria G.M.Levin[1]

Punica is a small genus of fruit-bearing deciduous shrubs or small trees. It belongs in in the family Lythraceae.

Name[change | change source]

The name of the genus Punica was given by Linnaeus in 1753 in Species Plantarum (Vol. 1, page 472). The type species is Punica granatum L.[2]

Punica comes from the Latin name for the pomegranate, malum punicum, meaning "Carthaginian apple" ("apple from Carthage").[3]

Description[change | change source]

The species in this genus are shrubs or small trees that could grow up to 6 to 10 m (20 to 33 ft) high. Leaves are opossite. Flowers and fruits are yellow to bright red.

Fruits are berries with a strong skin, like leather. Fruits have many seeds with fleshy and edible coats (called sacrotesta).

Species[change | change source]

There are only two species accepted in the genus Punica:[4]

Although previously placed in its own family Punicaceae, recent phylogenetic studies have shown that Punica belongs in the family Lythraceae, and it is classified in that family by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Genus: Punica L". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Departamento of Agriculture. 2 June 1998. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  2. Carolus Linnaeus. "Species Plantarum, Tomus I" (in Latin). p. 472. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Morton, Julia F. (1987). "Pomegranate, Punica granatum L". Fruits of Warm Climates. Purdue New Crops Profile. pp. 352–355. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  4. "Punica". The Plant List. Retrieved 8 January 2017.