Zeus

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Zeus
Jupiter Smyrna Louvre Ma13.jpg
The Jupiter de Smyrne, found in Smyrna, 1680.[1]
King of the Olympian Gods
God of the sky, lightning and thunder
Abode Mount Olympus
Symbol(s) Thunderbolt, Eagle, Bull and Oak
Consort Hera
Parents Kronos and Rhea
Siblings Poseidon, Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Hera
Children Ares, Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Dionysus, Hebe, Hermes, Heracles, Helen, Hephaestus, Persephone, Minos, the Muses

Zeus (Ancient Greek: 'Ζεύς') is the king of the gods, god of the sky, lightning and thunder and one of the Twelve Olympians.

Zeus is the sixth child of Kronos, ruler of the Titans, and Rhea. His father, Kronos swallowed his children as soon as they were born out of a prophecy which told one of them would overthrow him. When Zeus was born, Rhea hid him in a cave on Mount Idea in Crete, giving Kronos a stone wrapped in swaddling clothes for him to swallow instead. Zeus eventually grew up and went on to free his brothers and sisters; with their allies, the Hekatonkheires and Elder Cyclopes, they fought the Titans in a ten-year war known as the Titanomachy. At the end of the war, Zeus took Kronos' scythe and cut him into pieces, throwing his remains into Tartarus. He then became the King of Gods, predicted by the prophecy that Kronos once feared.

He was praised all throughout Ancient Greece, and was regarded with utmost respect. Zeus controlled the weather and can order any god or mortal, except the Fates. Highly temperamental, Zeus was armed with the mighty thunderbolt, said to be the most powerful weapon among the gods.

He married his sister Hera, but had many affairs and children with many other women, both goddesses and mortals. This irritated Hera greatly, who couldn't have affairs at all, due to her being the Goddess of Marriage.

His brothers were Poseidon and Hades. After the Titanomachy, Zeus agreed to split the world with them, with Zeus himself receiving the sky, Poseidon the sea, and Hades the Underworld. [2][3] The ancient Olympic Games were held in his honor.

Zeus' sisters were Hera, Demeter, and Hestia, all of whom had thrones in Olympus.

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. The sculpture was restored ca. 1686, by Pierre Granier, who added the upraised right arm brandishing the thunderbolt. Marble, middle 2nd century AD. Now in in the Louvre Museum (official on-line catalog)
  2. Kevin Osborn, Dana Burgess (1998). The Complete Idiot's Guide to Classical Mythology. Alpha Books. p. 72. ISBN 0028623851. 
  3. Hamilton, Edith (1942), Mythology, Boston: Back Bay Books, p. 467, ISBN 978-0-316-34151-6