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Odin, the All-Father of Nordic Gods

In Norse mythology, Odin (Old Norse: Óðinn) is the king of the Æsir who rules over Asgard as king. The son of Borr and the giantess (jötunn) Bestla, Odin is the god of wisdom, poetry, war, death, divination, and magic. Known as the All-Father, Odin is often accompanied by the two ravens Huginn and Muninn, along with the wolves Geri and Freki, who would devour those who would present false information to or otherwise lie to Odin. Father of Thor and husband to Frigg, Odin rides into battle atop his trusted steed, the eight-legged Sleipnir, wielding the mighty spear Gungnir, which, fashioned by the dwarves known as the Sons of Ivaldi, is said to never miss its target. Odin resides in the palace of Valaskjálf, roofed with pure silver. Therein lies the great throne of Hliðskjálf, which, when seated upon, allows the All-Father to see all that which transpires throughout the Nine Realms. A defining trait of Odin is his being one-eyed, a result of him having sacrificed his right eye to drink from the Well of Urðr, which granted him an incomprehensible amount of knowledge of the universe. Odin himself often receives counsel from the severed head of the being Mímir, which recites secret knowledge to him. Half of the souls of those slain in battle will be guided by the Valkyries, battle maidens, to Valhalla, Odin's enormous and majestic hall: the other half go to Fólkvangr, Freyja's realm. Odin was known in Old English as Wōden, in Old Saxon as Wōdan, and in Old High German as Wuotan or Wōtan, all stemming from the reconstructed Proto-Germanic *wōđanaz. The modern English weekday name Wednesday bears the god’s name. (Old English: Wōdnesdæg - “Wōden’s day”).

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Odin is the son of Borr and the jötunn Bestla. He is married to the goddess Frigg, by whom he is the father of the twin gods Baldr and Höðr. With the giantesses Gríðr and Rindr, Odin has two other sons named Víðarr and Váli. His eldest son is Thor, god of thunder, born to him by Jörð, the personification of the Earth.

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