Ragnarök

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Odin and Fenriswolf, Freyr and Surt (Drawing by Emil Doepler, 1905)
Thor and the Midgard serpent
A scene from the last phase of Ragnarök, after Surtr put the world on fire
The new world, after Ragnarök, as the Völuspá describes it

In Norse mythology, Ragnarök ("fate of the gods"[1]) is the battle at the end of the world. It would be fought between the gods or Æsir, led by Odin and the fire giants, the Jötnar and other monsters, led by Loki. Not only will some of the gods, giants, and monsters die in this battle, but almost everything in the universe will be destroyed.

The results of battles:

  • Freyr vs Surtr: Freyr was unarmed, and he was killed by Surtr
  • Odin vs Fenrir: Odin was swallowed by Fenrir.
  • Víðarr vs Fenrir: Fenrir was slain following his battle with Odin
  • Thor vs Jormungandr: Both slew each other
  • Tyr vs Garm: Both slew each other
  • Heimdall vs Loki: Both inflicted fatal wounds on each other, but Loki refused to die until he saw the destruction of the worlds

Other gods who died in Ragnarok are: Bragi, Ve, Hel,Brunhilde, the valkyrie and Meili, Thor's brother. Njord didn't fight but he died when Surtr set on fire Vanaheim.

Surtr then used his sword to cover the worlds in flame. But he also died in the fire.

None of the goddesses were mentioned (except Freya), but we assume that Frigg would survive.

Not many gods survived Ragnarok. The known survivors are: Aegir, Vidar, Vali, Hoenir, Vili, Magni, Modi, Hermóðr, Forseti and Ull. Though most of the goddesses survive, (Frigg, Freya, Sif, Thrud, Idun, Saga, Eir, Gefjun, Fulla, Sjofn, Lofn, Var, Vor, Syn and Hlin) Snotra, Gna, and Nanna die.

References[change | change source]

  1. Snorri Sturluson in his Prose Edda spelled it Ragnarøkr (sometimes "Ragnarøkkr") which means "Twilight of the Gods," whence the German title of Wagner's work "Götterdämmerung."