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Hijab refers to the idea of a veil for both muslim men and women. Men must veil their eyes from stranger women and women must veil their beauty from stranger men. In the contemporary world, a hijab is seen as the veil and the headscarf, worn by Muslim women and girls as a symbol of modesty
An Iraqi girl wearing Hijab
Adolescent Muslim girls wearing hijabs at an Iftar meal in New Jersey

Hijab (حجاب) is the Arabic word for "to cover", and in general, means to be modest.

The word is used in particular to mean clothing which covers a woman's chest, head and hair. This is often done in Islam for females over the age of puberty.[1][2] It is worn in the presence of adult males outside their immediate family. It may also be worn in front of adult non-Muslim female outside their immediate family[source?]. It is not necessary when females or males are within their immediate family.

The Arabic word used to specifically mean this is "khimār" (خمار). This "veil" can come in several different types, such as an ordinary veil (which only covers the head), and a niqab or burka, which covers the entire body. There are many styles to wear. Muslim men must also observe standards of modest dress.

The Quran has no requirement that women cover their faces with a veil, or cover their bodies with the full-body burqa or chador.[3]

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Murphy R.F. 1964. Social distance and the veil. American Anthropologist. New Series, 66, No. 6, Part 1, pp. 1257–1274.
  2. Brenner S. 1996. Reconstructing self and society: Javanese Muslim women and "the veil". American Ethnologist, 23, (4) , pp. 673–697.
  3. Tristam, Pierre. Does the Quran require women to wear the veil? About News. [1]