Jeju-do

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Jeju Province
Special Autonomous Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul제주특별자치도
 • Hanja濟州特別自治道
 • McCune‑ReischauerCheju T'ŭkpyŏl Chach'ido
 • Revised RomanizationJeju Teukbyeol Jachido
Location of Jeju Province
CountrySouth Korea
RegionJeju
CapitalJeju City
Subdivisions2 cities; 0 counties
Government
 • GovernorKim Tae-Hwan
Area
 • Total1,845.5 km2 (712.6 sq mi)
Area rank9th
Population
 (2009)
 • Total565,000
 • Rank9th
 • Density303/km2 (780/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • FlowerChamkkot
 • TreeCinnamomum camphora
 • BirdWoodpecker
DialectJeju
Websitejeju.go.kr (in English)
This article is about the province. For the island itself, see Jeju Island. For the World Heritage Site, see Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes.

Jeju-do (Korean for Jeju Province) is the a province in South Korea. Most of Jeju Province is Jeju Island, which is the largest island in South Korea. The island was created as a result of a volcanic eruption. Jeju-do is in the southern part of South Korea. Many people visit this island on honeymoon or to sight-see. Because Jeju-do is in the southern part of South Korea, it's warmer than the rest of South Korea.

Jejudo has exotic views and fruits compared to other places in South Korea. A few things it is famous for are Jeonbokjuk (a kind of congee made of abalone) and Dekopon. Hallasan, the highest mountain in South Korea, is at the center of Jeju-do. The Natural World Heritage Site Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes is also on the island.[1][2]

History[change | change source]

From ancient times, Jeju-do has been said to have plenty of women, winds, and stones.[3]

Jeju-do is the only special autonomous province in South Korea. It was established on July 1, 2006. Before that, it had been an independent province since 1946. During the Japanese occupation of Korea, Jeju was called Jeju Myeon and considered part of South Jeolla Province.[4]

In the middle of the 20th century, the Korean War divided Korea into two countries, North Korea and South Korea. In 1948, there was an uprising on Jeju Island. The government of what would become South Korea burned down most of the villages on Jeju Island and killed 30,000 people. People disagree about exactly what happened and why. Some people say the government was trying to stop Communists and other people say the Jeju Islanders who were killed were rebels who didn't want the country cut into two pieces. In 2003, the government of South Korea apologized.[5][6]

Culture[change | change source]

Many television shows, for example Dae Jang Geum, are filmed in Jejudo.[7]

The people who live in Jeju Province do not speak exactly the same type of Korean as other Koreans. The Jeju dialect is recognized as a separate language, the Jeju language.[7] Women have been an important part of family economics in Jeju-do. People on Jeju-do tie some ropes over their roof so that it can withstand strong winds. Jeju island is based on basalt. Because basalt has many holes, people had trouble with getting water to drink. As a result, they used Heobeok to carry water.

There are many doll hareubang basalt sculptures on Jeju. This is "stone grandfather" in English. They are made out of basalt stone.[4]

Haenyo is the professional job of getting seafood. Most haenyo divers are women. They can hold their breath for two minutes and dive to 20 meters to collect abalone, oysters, and other edible animals.[7]

Tourism[change | change source]

Millions of tourists visit Jejudo every year, 14.4 million in 2019, and they leave large amounts of garbage behind. Environmentalists say that too much of Jejudo has been made into roads, buildings and golf courses for the visitors.[8] Some of the residents of Jejudo do not like that there are so many tourists because they use up the water and leave garbage on the beaches. Because many of the restaurants and hotels are owned by people from China, locals do not always get much money from visitors

References[change | change source]

  1. "Unesco names World Heritage sites". BBC News. June 28, 2007. Retrieved May 6, 2010.
  2. "Jeju Volcanic Island and Lava Tubes". UNESCO. Retrieved August 17, 2020.
  3. "Three manys, three lacks and three treasures". Jeju Special Self-Governing Province. Retrieved 2010-06-18.
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Jeju Special Self-Governing Province". NearGov.org. Retrieved August 22, 2020.
  5. "The Tragic History of South Korea's Jeju Island". Learning English. August 5, 2018. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  6. "Police, military apologize for Jeju". April 3, 2019. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 Time Pile (June 1, 2018). "The good, bad and ugly sides to South Korea's Jeju Island". South China Morning Post. Retrieved August 18, 2020.
  8. Bae Eun-joo (August 14, 2020). "Jeju is suffering". Korea Times. Retrieved August 17, 2020.