John Hancock Tower

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
875 North Michigan Avenue
John Hancock Center.jpg
875 North Michigan Avenue
John Hancock Tower is located in Chicago metropolitan area
John Hancock Tower
Location within Chicago metropolitan area
John Hancock Tower is located in Illinois
John Hancock Tower
John Hancock Tower (Illinois)
John Hancock Tower is located in the United States
John Hancock Tower
John Hancock Tower (the United States)
General information
Architectural styleStructural Expressionism
LocationChicago, Illinois, U.S.
Address875 North Michigan Avenue (additional entrances at 175 East Delaware Place and 170 East Chestnut Street)
Coordinates41°53′56″N 87°37′23″W / 41.8988°N 87.6230°W / 41.8988; -87.6230Coordinates: 41°53′56″N 87°37′23″W / 41.8988°N 87.6230°W / 41.8988; -87.6230
Construction started1965
OwnerThe Hearn Company
Architectural1,128 ft (343.7 m)[1]
Tip1,500 ft (457 m)[1]
Roof1,127 ft (344 m)
Top floor1,054 ft (321 m)[1]
Observatory1,030 ft (314 m)[1]
Technical details
Floor count100[1]
Floor area2,799,973 sq ft (260,126 m2)[1]
Lifts/elevators50, made by Otis Elevator Company[1]
Design and construction
ArchitectFazlur Rahman Khan
Skidmore, Owings and Merrill
DeveloperJohn Hancock Insurance
Structural engineerSkidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP (SOM)
Main contractorTishman Construction Co.

The John Hancock Tower, also called Hancock Place, The Hancock Tower, or The Hancock, is a 60-story, 790-foot (241 m) skyscraper in Boston. It was named for the John Hancock Insurance company. The tower was designed by Henry N. Cobb and was completed in 1976.[5] It has been the tallest building in Boston for more than 30 years. It is also the tallest building in New England.

Its street address is 200 Clarendon Street. At first, John Hancock Insurance primarily used the building, but after 2004, some offices moved to a new building.

Architecture[change | change source]

The John Hancock Tower was designed in 1972. It is a glass monolith. It was made in the minimalist and the modernist skyscraper design.

The largest panes of glass possible were used. There are no spandrel panels, and very few mullions. The floor plan has a parallelogram shape. The window glass is tinted slightly blue.


History[change | change source]

The tower has an observation deck that was a famous attraction. However, the observation deck was closed after the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks.[6]

In 2006, Broadway Partners bought Hancock Place for $1.3 billion. By 2009, they had defaulted on the loans they used to buy the building, and it was forclosed.[7] On March 30, 2009, Hancock Place was sold at auction for $660 million[8] to a consortium of "Normandy Real Estate Partners" and "Five Mile Capital Partners". In October 2010, Boston Properties bought the John Hancock Tower for $930 million.[9]

Aerial view of Back Bay, Boston including the Charles River, 111 Huntington Avenue, Prudential Tower, and John Hancock Tower

The Hancock Tower was built by "John Hancock Insurance".

Notes[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 "John Hancock Center - The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Archived from the original on 2012-12-13.
  2. John Hancock Center at SkyscraperPage
  3. John Hancock Center at Emporis
  4. "John Hancock - Ownership". Archived from the original on 2016-03-26.
  5. [1] Pei Cobb Freed & Partners Retrieved 2010-04-20
  6. " / US under attack". The Boston Globe.
  7. Gross, Daniel; Stuart Johnson (2009-09-05). "The Skyscraper That Ate a Billion Dollars: Boston's Hancock Tower and the coming commercial real estate crisis". Slate.
  8. "Financing a go for Bank of America tower in New York". Daily Commercial News and Construction Record. 2009-07-02. Retrieved 2009-07-02.
  9. "Boston Properties buys Boston tower for $930M". Business Week. Retrieved 4 October 2010.

References[change | change source]

Related pages[change | change source]

  • John Hancock, for whom John Hancock Insurance was named
  • Prudential Tower for an image of the Boston skyline from Cambridge in 1963, with the old 26-story Hancock building a conspicuous landmark.

Other websites[change | change source]

Preceded by
Prudential Tower
Tallest Building in Boston
241 m
Succeeded by