|Nickname||Angel of Death (German: Todesengel),White Angel (German : Der Wießerengel or Wießerengel),Wolfgang Gerhard (Burial Name)|
|Born||March 16, 1911|
Günzburg, Kingdom of Bavaria,German Empire
|Died||February 7, 1979 (aged 67)|
Bertioga, São Paulo, Brazil
|Allegiance||Nazi Germany (1938-1945)|
|Years of service||1938—1945|
|Rank||Hauptsturmführer, SS (Captain)|
|Commands held||Human medical experimentation performed on prisoners at Auschwitz concentration camp, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Iron Cross First Class|
Black Badge for the Wounded
Medal for the Care of the German People
Josef Rudolf Mengele or better known as Doctor Josef Mengele (March 16, 1911 – February 7, 1979) was a German Nazi SS officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. He worked at Auschwitz with Rudolf Höss, the Nazi Commandant of Auschwitz .
During the first years of World War II Mengele served as a medical officer in the Waffen-SS. After being wounded and recovered in 1942, he went working at the Race and Resettlement Office in Berlin. In 1943 he volunteered for concentration camp Auschwitz.
Mengele wrote a thesis, which he finished in 1936. His advisor was Theodor Mollison. His assumption was that it was possible to determine the race of a human being by looking at the jawbone. He wrote another thesis, in a related area in 1938. In 1960 and 1961, his title was revoked, because of the crimes he had committed in Auschwitz.
Promotions and Ranks in the SS (1940-1945)
SS-Untersturmfuhrer (Second Lieutenant) ; 1940-1942
SS-Obersturmfuhrer (First Lieutenant) ; 1942-1943
SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer (Captain) ; 1943-1945