Josef Mengele

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Josef Mengele
Mengele in c.1955-1956
NicknameAngel of Death (German: Todesengel),White Angel (German : Der Wießerengel or Wießerengel),Wolfgang Gerhard (Burial Name)
Born(1911-03-16)March 16, 1911
Günzburg, Kingdom of Bavaria,German Empire
DiedFebruary 7, 1979(1979-02-07) (aged 67)
Bertioga, São Paulo, Brazil
Allegiance Nazi Germany (1938-1945)
Service/branch Schutzstaffel
Years of service1938—1945
RankHauptsturmführer, SS (Captain)
Commands heldHuman medical experimentation performed on prisoners at Auschwitz concentration camp, and selection of prisoners to be gassed at Auschwitz
Battles/warsWorld War II
AwardsIron Cross First Class
Black Badge for the Wounded
Medal for the Care of the German People

Josef Rudolf Mengele or better known as Doctor Josef Mengele (March 16, 1911 – February 7, 1979) was a German Nazi SS officer and a physician in the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz. He worked at Auschwitz with Rudolf Höss, the Nazi Commandant of Auschwitz .

During the first years of World War II Mengele served as a medical officer in the Waffen-SS. After being wounded and recovered in 1942, he went working at the Race and Resettlement Office in Berlin. In 1943 he volunteered for concentration camp Auschwitz.

He conducted cruel medical experiments on the people in the camps. Many people died as a consequence of these experiments. The experiments included freezing and placing subjects under heat lamps.

Mengele was also known for his studies and fascination with twins. Mengele was known as the Angel of Death.

After the war, he first hid in Germany, then escaped and lived in South America, until he drowned in Brazil.

Mengele wrote a thesis, which he finished in 1936. His advisor was Theodor Mollison. His assumption was that it was possible to determine the race of a human being by looking at the jawbone. He wrote another thesis, in a related area in 1938. In 1960 and 1961, his title was revoked, because of the crimes he had committed in Auschwitz.

Promotions and Ranks in the SS (1940-1945)

SS-Untersturmfuhrer (Second Lieutenant) ; 1940-1942

SS-Obersturmfuhrer (First Lieutenant) ; 1942-1943

SS-Hauptsturmfuhrer (Captain) ; 1943-1945

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