Kalmar Union

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Personal union




Flag (in use by 1430) Arms of Eric of Pomerania
Capital Copenhagen (from 1443)
Language(s) Official use: Middle Danish, Old Swedish, Renaissance Latin
Also spoken: Middle Low German, Finnish, Karelian, Middle Norwegian, Middle Icelandic, Norn, Sami languages, Greenlandic Greenlandic Norse
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Personal union
 - 1387–1412a Margaret I (first)
 - 1524–33 Frederick I (last)
Legislature Riksråd and Herredag (one in each kingdom)
Historical era Late Middle Ages
 - Established 17 June 1397
 - Engelbrekt rebellion 1434–36
 - Stockholm Bloodbath November 1520
 - Gustav Vasa elected King of Sweden 6 June 1523
 - the Danish Rigsråd annexes Norway 1536
 - Disestablished 1523
 - Treaty of Kiel 14 January 1814
Currency Mark, Örtug, Öre, Swedish penning
Today part of

The Kalmar Union was a historical consisting union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and various other provinces and areas. At that time, Norway included Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney, and parts of Finland belonged to Sweden. The union was started in 1397 at a meeting in the town of Kalmar in Sweden. The union ended on 6 June 1523 when Sweden left the union by Gustav I.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sweden" (in English). World Statesmen. http://www.worldstatesmen.org/Sweden.html. Retrieved 18 January 2015.

Other page[change | change source]