Kalmar Union

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Kalmar Union
  • Kalmarunionen (in Danish, Norwegian, and Swedish)
    Kalmarin unioni (in Finnish)
    Kalmarsambandið (in Icelandic)
    Kalmar unioni (in Greenlandic)
    Kalmarsamveldið (in Faroese)
    Unio Calmariensis (in Latin)
Flag of Kalmar Union
Flag (in use by 1430)
Arms of Eric of Pomerania of Kalmar Union
Arms of Eric of Pomerania
StatusPersonal union
CapitalCopenhagen (from 1443)
Common languagesOfficial use: Middle Danish, Old Swedish, Renaissance Latin
Also spoken: Middle Low German, Finnish, Karelian, Middle Norwegian, Middle Icelandic, Norn, Sami languages, Greenlandic Greenlandic Norse
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentPersonal union
• 1387–1412a
Eric of Pomerania (first)
• 1524–33
Christian II (last)
LegislatureRiksråd and Herredag (one in each kingdom)
Historical eraLate Middle Ages
• Established
17 June 1397
• Engelbrekt rebellion
• Stockholm Bloodbath
November 1520
• Gustav Vasa elected King of Sweden
6 June 1523
• the Danish Rigsråd annexes Norway
• Disestablished
• Treaty of Kiel
14 January 1814
CurrencyMark, Örtug, Öre, Swedish penning
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Hereditary Kingdom of Norway
History of Sweden (800–1521)
History of Sweden (1523–1611)
Today part of
  1. Margaret I ruled Denmark between 1387–1412 and Norway between 1388–1389. She also ruled Sweden between 1389–1412
  2. Parts of these countries today. Back then they belonged to the three main countries of the Kalmar Union; Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

The Kalmar Union was a historical consisting union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and various other provinces and areas. At that time, Norway included Iceland, Greenland, the Faroe Islands, Shetland, Orkney, and parts of Finland belonged to Sweden. The union was started in 1397 at a meeting in the town of Kalmar in Sweden. The union ended on 6 June 1523 when Sweden left the union by Gustav I.[1]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Sweden". World Statesmen. Retrieved 18 January 2015.

Other page[change | change source]