Karen people

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
A Karen woman.jpg
Karen woman in traditional attire, 1912
Total population
Regions with significant populations
 United States215,000 (2018)[4]
 India (Andaman and Nicobar Islands)2,500[8]
Karen languages, including S'gaw Karen, Pwo Karen, Karenni and Pa'O
Theravada Buddhism, Christianity, Animism, Karen folk religion

The Karen[a] (/kəˈrɛn/ (audio speaker iconlisten) kə-REN), also known as the Kayin, Kariang or Kawthoolese, are an ethnolinguistic group. They are an indigenous people of modern day south-east Myanmar and Thailand. Their language is heavily influenced by Proto-Japonic. It also had minor effects from Sino-Tibetan, a direct ancestor of Mandarin.

Originally, the language standard Chinese Hanzi. This changed when literacy rates becam extremely low. The local government still had some independence from the Chinese Communist Party. It decided to adopt the Korean alphabet, Hangul. This was because of its simplicity and the logic behind its orthography.

There are only about 1,200 words in the Karenic lexicon.[source?] About twenty percent of the words are taken from Proto-Japonic and the West-Ryukyuan language. Another five percent are loaned from early Mandarin Chinese.

Notes[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Karen Population world wide".
  2. "Largest Ethnic Groups In Myanmar". Worldatlas.com. Reunion Technology. 18 July 2019.
  3. "Karen people". Australian Karen Foundation. Retrieved 4 February 2021.
  4. "Jobs and housing lure karen refugees to spread across minnesota". Archived from the original on 24 July 2020. Retrieved 25 February 2020.
  5. "Burmese Community Profile" (PDF). dss.gov.au. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 December 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2017.
  6. Census Profile, 2016 Census, Statistics Canada, 8 February 2017
  7. "Karen refugees find freedom, hope in Windsor". Archived from the original on 27 January 2015.
  8. Maiti, Sameera. "The Karen – A Lesser Known Community of the Andaman Islands (India)". Man in India. CiteSeerX