Kingdom of Aragon

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Kingdom of Aragon

Reino d'Aragón (in Aragonese)
Regne d'Aragó (in Catalan)
Regnum Aragonum (in Latin)
Reino de Aragón (in Spanish)
1035–1707
Coat of arms of Aragon
Coat of arms
Reino de Aragón.svg
StatusKingdom of the Crown of Aragon (since 1162)
Capital
Common languagesAragonese, Castilian, Catalan, Latin, Mozarabic
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentFeudal monarchy
LegislatureCortes of Aragon
Historical eraMedieval / Early Modern
• County of Aragon established as independent kingdom
1035
• Nueva Planta decrees dissolved Aragonese institutions in 1707
1707
Preceded by
Succeeded by
County of Aragon
Crown of Aragon
Enlightenment in Spain
Today part ofSpain

The Kingdom of Aragon was a medieval kingdom on the Iberian Peninsula, correlating with the modern-day autonomous community of Aragon, in Spain. It should not be confused with the bigger Crown of Aragon, which had other territories including the Principality of Catalonia (which had the former Catalan Counties), the Kingdom of Valencia, the Kingdom of Majorca, and other nations that are now part of France, Italy, and Greece that were under the rule of the King of Aragon, but were controlled separately from the Kingdom of Aragon.

In 1479, after John II of Aragon’s death, the crowns of Aragon and Castile were united to form the core of Spain. The Aragonese lands, however, still had autonomous parliamentary and administrative institutions, such as the Corts, until the Nueva Planta decrees, enforced between 1707 and 1715 by Philip V of Spain, following the War of the Spanish Succession, was ended.