La Chaux-de-Fonds

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La Chaux-de-Fonds
La Chaux de Fonds in September 2005
La Chaux de Fonds in September 2005
Coat of arms of La Chaux-de-Fonds
Coat of arms
La Chaux-de-Fonds is located in Switzerland
La Chaux-de-Fonds
La Chaux-de-Fonds
La Chaux-de-Fonds is located in Canton of Neuchâtel
La Chaux-de-Fonds
La Chaux-de-Fonds
Coordinates: 47°6.08′N 6°49.5′E / 47.10133°N 6.8250°E / 47.10133; 6.8250Coordinates: 47°6.08′N 6°49.5′E / 47.10133°N 6.8250°E / 47.10133; 6.8250
Country Switzerland
Canton Neuchâtel
District La Chaux-de-Fonds
Government
 • Executive Conseil communal
with 5 members
 • Mayor Président du Conseil communal (list)
Théo Huguenin-Elie
 • Parliament Conseil général
with 41 members
Area[1]
 • Total 55.66 km2 (21.49 sq mi)
Elevation 992 m (3,255 ft)
Population (Dec 2016[2])
 • Total 38,965
 • Density 700.05/km2 (1,813.13/sq mi)
Postal code 2300
SFOS number 6421
Surrounded by Fontaines, Fournet-Blancheroche (FR-25), Grand'Combe-des-Bois (FR-25), La Ferrière (BE), La Sagne, Le Locle, Les Bois (JU), Les Fontenelles (FR-25), Les Hauts-Geneveys, Les Planchettes, Renan (BE)
Twin towns Winterthur (Switzerland), Frameries (Belgium)
Website www.chaux-de-fonds.ch
SFSO statistics
La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning *
Country Switzerland
Type Cultural
Criteria iv
Reference 1302
Region ** Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2009 (33rd Session)

La Chaux-de-Fonds is the capital city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. After Geneva and Lausanne, it is the third-largest city in the French-speaking part of the country. As of December 2016, 38,965 people lived there.

History[change | change source]

The city was founded in 1656. The region was first inhabited around 10,000 years ago (Epipaleolithic). A skull and other traces have been found in caves nearby.

In the middle of the 14th century, the forests found there have been colonised from the south. The region was under the authority of the lords of Valangin. Agriculture was the main activity. The first church was built in 1528. The city became at the end of the 16th century an important crossroad between Neuchâtel and Franche-Comté.

City of La Chaux-de-Fonds in winter

The community grew during the Thirty Years' War, mainly because of its strategic position for trade.

In 1794, the city was devastated by fire. Charles-Henri Junod created the new city's plan in 1835, as a grid.

Economy[change | change source]

The city's economy is based on industry and watch manufacturers.

Watch companies[change | change source]

Many watch companies started in La Chaux de Fonds:

Twin Town[change | change source]

La Chaux-de-Fonds is twinned with the town of Frameries, Belgium.

References[change | change source]

  1. Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017

Other websites[change | change source]