La Chaux de Fonds in September 2005
|• Executive||Conseil communal
with 5 members
|• Mayor||Président du Conseil communal (list)
|• Parliament||Conseil général
with 41 members
|• Total||55.66 km2 (21.49 sq mi)|
|Elevation||992 m (3,255 ft)|
|Population (Dec 2016)|
|• Density||700.05/km2 (1,813.13/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Fontaines, Fournet-Blancheroche (FR-25), Grand'Combe-des-Bois (FR-25), La Ferrière (BE), La Sagne, Le Locle, Les Bois (JU), Les Fontenelles (FR-25), Les Hauts-Geneveys, Les Planchettes, Renan (BE)|
|Twin towns||Winterthur (Switzerland), Frameries (Belgium)|
|La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle, watchmaking town planning *|
|Region **||Europe and North America|
|Inscription||2009 (33rd Session)|
La Chaux-de-Fonds is the capital city of the district of La Chaux-de-Fonds in the canton of Neuchâtel in Switzerland. After Geneva and Lausanne, it is the third-largest city in the French-speaking part of the country. As of December 2016, 38,965 people lived there.
History[change | change source]
In the middle of the 14th century, the forests found there have been colonised from the south. The region was under the authority of the lords of Valangin. Agriculture was the main activity. The first church was built in 1528. The city became at the end of the 16th century an important crossroad between Neuchâtel and Franche-Comté.
The community grew during the Thirty Years' War, mainly because of its strategic position for trade.
In 1794, the city was devastated by fire. Charles-Henri Junod created the new city's plan in 1835, as a grid.
Economy[change | change source]
The city's economy is based on industry and watch manufacturers.
Watch companies[change | change source]
Many watch companies started in La Chaux de Fonds:
- Bouchet-Lassale SA, in 1978;
- Marathon Watch Co. in 1904 - Originally founded as Weinsturm Watch.
- Cyma Watches, 1862 - Schwob Frères and Co. 1892 - Cyma Watch Company.
- Eberhard & Co., by George-Emile Eberhard, in 1887;
- Ebel, by Eugene Blum and Alice Levy, in 1911;
- Gallet & Co., by Julien Gallet, in 1826;
- Girard-Perregaux, by Constantin Girard and Marie Perregaux, in 1856;
- Heuer Leonidas, now TAG Heuer, by Edouard Heuer, in 1860;
- Invicta Watch Group, by Raphael Picard, in 1837;
- Movado, by Achilles Ditesheim, in 1881;
- Omega SA, in 1848;
- Rolex trademark, registered by Hans Wilsdorf, in 1908. His company, Wilsdorf and Davis, London, was later renamed Rolex Watch Company, Geneva and Biel/Bienne;
- Rotary, by Moise Dreyfuss, in 1895;
- Solvil et Titus, by Paul Ditisheim, in 1892;
- Venus by Paul Arthur Schwarz and Olga Etienne, in 1902;
- Vulcain by Maurice Ditisheim, in 1858.
Twin Town[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
- Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (in German) accessed 30 August 2017
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to La Chaux-de-Fonds.|
- Watchmaking Heritage Day: Saturday 7 November 2009
- Official website of the city of La Chaux-de-Fonds
- La Chaux-de-Fonds / Le Locle: Pictures Gallery
- La Chaux-de-Fonds in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- International watchmaking museum website
- The Art Nouveau season of events in the city