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A modern Lipizzan
Distinguishing features Compact, muscular, generally associated with the Spanish Riding School
Alternative names Lipizzaner, Karster
Country of origin Developed by the House of Habsburg from Arab, Barb, Spanish and Neapolitan stock.[1] Today associated with nations of Austria, Hungary, Slovenia and Croatia.
Breed standards
Verband der Lipizzanerzüchter in Österreich Breed standards
Lipica Stud, Slovenia Breed standards
Ministero delle Politiche Agricole e Forestali, Italy Breed standards
Lipizzaner Society of Great Britain Breed standards
Lipizzan International Federation Breed standards
Lipizzan Association of North America Breed standards
Horse (Equus ferus caballus)

The Lipizzan or Lipizzaner[2] (Hungarian: Lipicai, Slovene: Lipicanec, Croatian: Lipicanac, Czech: Lipicán), is a grey horse breed that is known for its Dressage acts.[3]

History[change | change source]

The Lipizzaner was born in Carthage almost 2,000 years ago. The people who lived in Carthage mated their horses to the Vilano. There is also a mix of Arabian and Barbary blood.[3]

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Das K.K. Hofgestüt zu Lippiza 1580-1880, Wien 1880
  2. Pronounced "Lip-ah-Zahn" (from French) or "Lip-ah-Zah-ner" (from German).
  3. 3.0 3.1 "History of the Lipizzaner". White Stallion Productions. Retrieved 9/2/2009.

References[change | change source]

  • Bongianni, Maurizio (editor) (1988). Simon & Schuster's Guide to Horses and Ponies. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster, Inc.. ISBN 0-671-66068-3
  • Dolenc, Milan (translated by Zarco Harvat and Susan Ann Pechy) (1981). Lipizzaner: The Story of the Horses of Lipica. Ljubljana, Yugoslavia: Mladinska Knjiga. ISBN 0-89893-172-X
  • Edwards, Elwyn Hartley (1994). The Encyclopedia of the Horse (1st American ed.). New York, NY: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 1-56458-614-6
  • Hirshson, Stanley P. (2003). General Patton: A Soldier's Life. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-06-000983-7
  • Jankovich, Miklos, translated by Anthony Dent (1971). They Rode Into Europe: The Fruitful Exchange in the Arts of Horsemanship between East and West. Great Britain: George G. Harrap & Co, Ltd.. ISBN 0-684-13304-0
  • Patton, George S. and Martin Blumenson (1996). The Patton Papers. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-80717-3
  • Podhajsky, Alois (1967). The Complete Training of Horse and Rider In the Principles of Classic Horsemanship. Garden City, NY: Doubleday. OCLC 501758

Other websites[change | change source]