List of Jupiter's moons

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The planet Jupiter has 63 moons. 46 of these are less than 3 km wide and probably used to be asteroids before Jupiters gravity pulled them in. The four biggest moons are called the Galilean moons because they were discovered by the Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei. These four are Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto They are roughly the same size as Earth's moon, some are a bit bigger, some are smaller.

List of moons[change | edit source]

Here is a list of all 63 of Jupiter's moons. It starts with those that go around Jupiter (orbit) the fastest, or have the shortest orbital period.

Order
[note 1]
Label
[note 2]
Name
Pronunciation
(key)
Image Diameter
(km)[note 3]
Mass
(×1016 kg)
Semi-major axis
(km)[1]
Orbital period
(d)[1][note 4]
Inclination
(°)[1]
Eccentricity
[2]
Discovery year
[3]
Discoverer
[3]
Group
[note 5]
1 XVI Metis ˈmiːtɨs
Metis.jpg
60×40×34 ~3.6 127,690 +7h 4m 29s 0.06°[4] 0.000 02 1979 Synnott
(Voyager 1)
Inner
2 XV Adrastea ˌædrəˈstiːə
Adrastea.jpg
20×16×14 ~0.2 128,690 +7h 9m 30s 0.03°[4] 0.0015 1979 Jewitt
(Voyager 2)
Inner
3 V Amalthea ˌæməlˈθiːə
Amalthea PIA02532.png
250×146×128 208 181,366 +11h 57m 23s 0.374°[4] 0.0032 1892 Barnard Inner
4 XIV Thebe ˈθiːbiː
Thebe.jpg
116×98×84 ~43 221,889 +16h 11m 17s 1.076°[4] 0.0175 1979 Synnott
(Voyager 1)
Inner
5 I Io ˈaɪ.oʊ
Io highest resolution true color.jpg
3,660.0×3,637.4
×3,630.6
8,900,000 421,700 +1.769 137 786 0.050°[4] 0.0041 1610 Galilei Galilean
6 II Europa jʊˈroʊpə
Europa-moon.jpg
3,121.6 4,800,000 671,034 +3.551 181 041 0.471°[4] 0.0094 1610 Galilei Galilean
7 III Ganymede ˈɡænɨmiːd
Ganymede g1 true.jpg
5,262.4 15,000,000 1,070,412 +7.154 552 96 0.204°[4] 0.0011 1610 Galilei Galilean
8 IV Callisto kəˈlɪstoʊ
Callisto.jpg
4,820.6 11,000,000 1,882,709 +16.689 018 4 0.205°[4] 0.0074 1610 Galilei Galilean
9 XVIII Themisto θɨˈmɪstoʊ 8 0.069 7,393,216 +129.87 45.762° 0.2115 1975/2000 Kowal & Roemer/
Sheppard et al.
Themisto
10 XIII Leda ˈliːdə
Leda (moon).jpg
16 0.6 11,187,781 +241.75 27.562° 0.1673 1974 Kowal Himalia
11 VI Himalia haɪˈmeɪliə
Himalia-moon.jpg
170 670 11,451,971 +250.37 30.486° 0.1513 1904 Perrine Himalia
12 X Lysithea laɪˈsɪθiːə 36 6.3 11,740,560 +259.89 27.006° 0.1322 1938 Nicholson Himalia
13 VII Elara ˈɛlərə 86 87 11,778,034 +261.14 29.691° 0.1948 1905 Perrine Himalia
14 S/2000 J 11 4 0.009 0 12 570 424 +287.93 27.584° 0.2058 2001 Sheppard et al. Himalia
15 XLVI Carpo ˈkɑrpoʊ 3 0.004 5 17,144,873 +458.62 56.001° 0.2735 2003 Sheppard et al. Carpo
16 S/2003 J 12 1 0.000 15 17,739,539 −482.69 142.680° 0.4449 2003 Sheppard et al. ?
17 XXXIV Euporie juːˈpoʊrɨ.iː 2 0.001 5 19,088,434 −538.78 144.694° 0.0960 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
18 S/2003 J 3 2 0.001 5 19,621,780 −561.52 146.363° 0.2507 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
19 S/2003 J 18 2 0.001 5 19,812,577 −569.73 147.401° 0.1569 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
20 XLII Thelxinoe θɛlkˈsɪnɵʊiː 2 0.001 5 20,453,753 −597.61 151.292° 0.2684 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
21 XXXIII Euanthe juːˈænθiː 3 0.004 5 20,464,854 −598.09 143.409° 0.2000 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
22 XLV Helike ˈhɛlɨkiː 4 0.009 0 20,540,266 −601.40 154.586° 0.1374 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke
23 XXXV Orthosie ɔrˈθɒsɨ.iː 2 0.001 5 20,567,971 −602.62 142.366° 0.2433 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
24 XXIV Iocaste ˌaɪ.ɵˈkæstiː 5 0.019 20,722,566 −609.43 147.248° 0.2874 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
25 S/2003 J 16 2 0.001 5 20,743,779 −610.36 150.769° 0.3184 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
26 XXVII Praxidike prækˈsɪdɨkiː 7 0.043 20,823,948 −613.90 144.205° 0.1840 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
27 XXII Harpalyke hɑrˈpælɨkiː 4 0.012 21,063,814 −624.54 147.223° 0.2440 2001 Sheppard et al. Ananke
28 XL Mneme ˈniːmiː 2 0.001 5 21,129,786 −627.48 149.732° 0.3169 2003 Gladman et al. Ananke
29 XXX Hermippe hɚˈmɪpiː 4 0.009 0 21,182,086 −629.81 151.242° 0.2290 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke?
30 XXIX Thyone θaɪˈoʊniː 4 0.009 0 21,405,570 −639.80 147.276° 0.2525 2002 Sheppard et al. Ananke
31 XII Ananke əˈnæŋkiː 28 3.0 21,454,952 −642.02 151.564° 0.3445 1951 Nicholson Ananke
32 L Herse 2 0.001 5 22,134,306 −672.75 162.490° 0.2379 2003 Gladman et al. Carme
33 XXXI Aitne ˈaɪtniː 3 0.004 5 22,285,161 −679.64 165.562° 0.3927 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
34 XXXVII Kale ˈkeɪliː 2 0.001 5 22,409,207 −685.32 165.378° 0.2011 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
35 XX Taygete teiˈɪdʒɨtiː 5 0.016 22,438,648 −686.67 164.890° 0.3678 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
36 S/2003 J 19 2 0.001 5 22,709,061 −699.12 164.727° 0.1961 2003 Gladman et al. Carme
37 XXI Chaldene kælˈdiːniː 4 0.007 5 22,713,444 −699.33 167.070° 0.2916 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
38 S/2003 J 15 2 0.001 5 22,720,999 −699.68 141.812° 0.0932 2003 Sheppard et al. Ananke?
39 S/2003 J 10 2 0.001 5 22,730,813 −700.13 163.813° 0.3438 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme?
40 S/2003 J 23 2 0.001 5 22,739,654 −700.54 148.849° 0.3930 2004 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
41 XXV Erinome ɨˈrɪnɵmiː 3 0.004 5 22,986,266 −711.96 163.737° 0.2552 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
42 XLI Aoede eɪˈiːdiː 4 0.009 0 23,044,175 −714.66 160.482° 0.6011 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
43 XLIV Kallichore kəˈlɪkɵriː 2 0.001 5 23,111,823 −717.81 164.605° 0.2041 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme?
44 XXIII Kalyke ˈkælɨkiː 5 0.019 23,180,773 −721.02 165.505° 0.2139 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
45 XI Carme ˈkɑrmiː 46 13 23,197,992 −721.82 165.047° 0.2342 1938 Nicholson Carme
46 XVII Callirrhoe kəˈlɪrɵʊiː 9 0.087 23,214,986 −722.62 139.849° 0.2582 2000 Gladman et al. Pasiphaë
47 XXXII Eurydome jʊˈrɪdəmiː 3 0.004 5 23,230,858 −723.36 149.324° 0.3769 2002 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë?
48 XXXVIII Pasithee pəˈsɪθɨ.iː 2 0.001 5 23,307,318 −726.93 165.759° 0.3288 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
49 XLIX Kore ˈkoʊriː 2 0.001 5 23,345,093 −776.02 137.371° 0.1951 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
50 XLVIII Cyllene sɨˈliːniː 2 0.001 5 23,396,269 −731.10 140.148° 0.4115 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
51 XLVII Eukelade juːˈkɛlədiː 4 0.009 0 23,483,694 −735.20 163.996° 0.2828 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
52 S/2003 J 4 2 0.001 5 23,570,790 −739.29 147.175° 0.3003 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
53 VIII Pasiphaë pəˈsɪfeɪ.iː 60 30 23,609,042 −741.09 141.803° 0.3743 1908 Gladman et al. Pasiphaë
54 XXXIX Hegemone hɨˈdʒɛməniː 3 0.004 5 23,702,511 −745.50 152.506° 0.4077 2003 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
55 XLIII Arche ˈɑrkiː 3 0.004 5 23,717,051 −746.19 164.587° 0.1492 2002 Sheppard et al. Carme
56 XXVI Isonoe aɪˈsɒnɵʊiː 4 0.007 5 23,800,647 −750.13 165.127° 0.1775 2001 Sheppard et al. Carme
57 S/2003 J 9 1 0.000 15 23,857,808 −752.84 164.980° 0.2761 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
58 S/2003 J 5 4 0.009 0 23,973,926 −758.34 165.549° 0.3070 2003 Sheppard et al. Carme
59 IX Sinope sɨˈnoʊpiː 38 7.5 24,057,865 −762.33 153.778° 0.2750 1914 Nicholson Pasiphaë
60 XXXVI Sponde ˈspɒndiː 2 0.001 5 24,252,627 −771.60 154.372° 0.4431 2002 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
61 XXVIII Autonoe ɔːˈtɒnɵʊiː 4 0.009 0 24,264,445 −772.17 151.058° 0.3690 2002 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
62 XIX Megaclite ˌmɛɡəˈklaɪtiː 5 0.021 24,687,239 −792.44 150.398° 0.3077 2001 Sheppard et al. Pasiphaë
63 S/2003 J 2 2 0.001 5 30,290,846 −1 077.02 153.521° 0.1882 2003 Sheppard et al. ?

Notes[change | edit source]

  1. Order refers to the position among other moons with respect to their average distance from Jupiter.
  2. Label refers to the Roman numeral attributed to each moon in order of their discovery.
  3. Diameters with multiple entries such as "60×40×34" reflect that the body is not a perfect spheroid and that each of its dimensions have been measured well enough.
  4. Periods with negative values are retrograde.
  5. "?" refers to group assignments that are not considered sure yet.

References[change | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Natural Satellites Ephemeris Service". IAU: Minor Planet Center. http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/iau/NatSats/NaturalSatellites.html. Retrieved 2008-09-03. "Note: some semi-major axis were computed using the µ value, while the eccentricities were taken using the inclination to the local Laplace plane"
  2. Sheppard, Scott S.. "Jupiter's Known Satellites". Departament of Terrestrial Magnetism at Carniege Institution for science. http://www.dtm.ciw.edu/users/sheppard/satellites/jupsatdata.html. Retrieved 2008-08-28.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature". Working Group for Planetary System Nomenclature (WGPSN). U.S. Geological Survey. 2008-11-07. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/append7.html. Retrieved 2008-08-02.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 Siedelmann P.K.; Abalakin V.K.; Bursa, M.; Davies, M.E.; de Bergh, C.; Lieske, J.H.; Obrest, J.; Simon, J.L.; Standish, E.M.; Stooke, P. ; Thomas, P.C. (2000) The Planets and Satellites 2000 . IAU/IAG Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements of the Planets and Satellites. Report. Retrieved on 2008-08-31.