Liverpool Playhouse

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Liverpool Playhouse
Star Music Hall,
Star Theatre of Varieties,
Liverpool Repertory Theatre
Playhouse Theatre, Liverpool 2018-2.jpg
Liverpool Playhouse
Liverpool Playhouse is located in Merseyside
Liverpool Playhouse
Liverpool Playhouse
Location in Merseyside
AddressWilliamson Square
Liverpool
England
Coordinates53°24′23″N 2°58′57″W / 53.4064°N 2.9826°W / 53.4064; -2.9826Coordinates: 53°24′23″N 2°58′57″W / 53.4064°N 2.9826°W / 53.4064; -2.9826
OwnerLiverpool and Merseyside Theatres Trust
OperatorLiverpool and Merseyside Theatres Trust
DesignationListed Building Grade II*
TypeTheatre
Construction
Opened1866
ArchitectEdward Davies, Harry Percival,
Stanley Adshead,
Hall, O'Donahue and Wilson
Website
everymanplayhouse.com

The Liverpool Playhouse is a theatre in Williamson Square in the city of Liverpool, England.

It started in 1866 as a music hall.

In 1911 it became a repertory theatre. It nurtured the early careers of many actors and actresses. Some of whom went on to achieve national and international reputations.

Architectural changes have been made to the building over the years. The latest change was in 1968. A modern-style extension was added to the north of the theatre.

In 1999 a trust was formed. This joined the management of the Playhouse with that of the Everyman Theatre.

History[change | change source]

In 1866, the present theatre opened. It was named the Star Music Hall. It was designed by Edward Davies. It replaced an earlier theatre called the Star Concert Hall.[1]

In 1895 its name was changed to the Star Theatre of Varieties.

In 1898 it was improved by Harry Percival with a new auditorium and foyer. Electricity was installed.[1]

In 1911 the Liverpool Repertory Theatre Limited was established. Basil Dean was its "controller and producer". The company could not afford to build a new theatre. It bought the Star Theatre for £28,000 (equivalent to £2,800,000 in 2018).[2] This made it the first repertory in Britain to own the freehold of a theatre. The company spent a further £4,000 (equivalent to £400,000 in 2018) on redesigning and modernising the theatre.[3] The auditorium and the basement foyer were redesigned by Stanley Adshead. He was the Professor of Civic Design at the Liverpool School of Architecture.[4] The theatre was for many years managed by Maud Carpenter.[5] The theatre was renamed the Liverpool Repertory Theatre.[1]

In 1916, it was renamed the Liverpool Playhouse.[3]

In 1961 and 1966, minor structural alterations were made to the theatre.[1]

In 1968 a modern-style extension was added to the north of the theatre. This was to accommodate new foyers, bars, dressing rooms and a workshop.[4]

In the 1990s the theatre company went into liquidation.[3]

In 1999 the Liverpool and Merseyside Theatres Trust Limited was established as a charity, and the theatre re-opened.[6] It is managed jointly with the Everyman Theatre by Liverpool City Council.[7]

Artistes[change | change source]

As a repertory company, the theatre has been involved in the careers of actors and actresses who have later achieved wide fame. Noël Coward and Gertrude Lawrence worked with the company as child actors. Other artistes who gained experience at the theatre include Robert Donat, Lilian Braithwaite, Cecil Parker, John Gregson, Clive Brook, C. Aubrey Smith, Richard Burton, Michael Redgrave, Diana Wynyard, Rex Harrison, Patricia Routledge, Anthony Hopkins, and Richard Briers.[7]

Architecture[change | change source]

Older section[change | change source]

The exterior of the older part of the theatre is stuccoed. It has a slate roof.

Its entrance faces Williamson Square. It has seven bays and is in three storeys. The central three bays project forward. They are surmounted by a broken pediment. On the ground floor the central bays contain three entrances. These are separated by pillars. These lead to a recessed porch. Over each entrance is an architrave containing a fanlight. The lateral bays contain two round-headed and one flat-headed entrance on each side. There are three blind round windows. In the middle storey the bays are separated by pilasters. The three central bays each have a balustrade and a window with a tympanum containing a roundel. Each of the three lateral bays contains a window with a cornice, and a round window above it. Along the top storey are oculi between panelled pilasters. On the summit of each of the two lateral bays is a cupola on a short Tuscan colonnade.

Inside the older part of the theatre are two balconies. These are supported by cast iron columns. The interior is decorated in Greek Revival style.[8]

Newer section[change | change source]

The newer section is constructed in concrete. It is mostly faced by glass.

On the ground floor are entrance doors.[8] Above this, the building is based around three cylinders. The largest of these starts at the first floor and rises through two storeys. It is cantilevered from a central column. To the left is a smaller cylinder, cantilevered from a separate column, interlocking with the larger cylinder.

Inside the whole is a hollow column containing the stairs.[4]

Assessment and critique[change | change source]

The theatre is recorded in the National Heritage List for England. On 14 March 1975, it was designated a Grade II* listed building.[8] The list quotes the Architects' Journal of 1968. This says the older section is "significant as an early and rare work by one of the pioneers of the Liverpool School of Architecture, in the Grecian style favoured by the school at that date". Of the newer section it says that it is "a brilliant concept, joyously realised, which exploits asymmetrical volumes and ever varying spaces yet achieves unity and also balance with the adjoining Victorian façade".[9]

In the Buildings of England series, the architectural historians Richard Pollard and Nikolaus Pevsner say of the newer section that it is "a spectacular composition which creates an atmosphere of excitement and anticipation, exactly right for a theatre foyer".[4]

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Playhouse Theatre, Williamson Square, Liverpool F.C., Matthew Lloyd, retrieved 14 August 2011
  2. UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Measuring Worth: UK CPI.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Iles, Paul, Green Room versus Board Room: Liverpool Playhouse and Business Modelling for Resident Theatres, The Laughing Audience, archived from the original on 4 March 2009, retrieved 14 August 2011
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 301, ISBN 0-300-10910-5
  5. "Memorial to Maud Farrington nee Carpenter". Sarsfieldmemorialsliverpool.co.uk. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  6. Liverpool and Merseyside Theatres Trust Ltd, Charity Commission, retrieved 14 August 2011
  7. 7.0 7.1 Pye, Ken (2011), Discover Liverpool, Liverpool: Trinity Mirror Media, p. 66, ISBN 978-1-906802-90-5
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Historic England, "Playhouse Theatre, Liverpool F.C. (1218642)", National Heritage List for England (NHLE), retrieved 20 August 2013
  9. Architects' Journal, p. 1327, 4 December 1968 Missing or empty |title= (help)

Other websites[change | change source]