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Lord Protector

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A Lord Protector is a British title for heads of state. It has two different meanings at different times in history.

The title of Lord Protector was first used by royal princes or other nobles who ruled as regent while the English monarch was still too young to rule or was not able to rule for some other reason, in this case the Lord Protector would make all the decisions for the country, and the young monarch would decide whether they agree or not.

The Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland was the title of the head of state during the Interregnum, following the first period of the Commonwealth under Council of State government. It was held by Oliver Cromwell (December 1653 – September 1658), leader of the roundheads and his son Richard Cromwell (September 1658 – May 1659) during what is now known as the Protectorate.

List of Lord Protectors

[change | change source]
Name Image House Birth Marriage Death
Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester


Lancaster 3 October 1390

son of Henry IV of England

Jacqueline, Countess of Hainaut

no children Eleanor, Duchess of Gloucester no children

23 February 1447
Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York


Plantagenet 21 September 1411

Great-grandson of Edward III of England

Cecily Neville, Duchess of York

twelve children

1 January 1461
Richard, Duke of Gloucester


York 2 October 1451

son of Richard of York, 3rd Duke of York and Great-Great-grandson of Edward III of England

Anne Neville

one son

22 August 1485
Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset


Seymour 1500 Catherine Fillol

Anne Seymour, Duchess of Somerset

22 January 1552