Mainz Republic

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Republic of Mainz / Rhenish-German Free State
  • Mainzer Republik  (German)
  • Rheinisch-Deutscher Freistaat  (German)
  • République de Mayence  (French)
March – July 1793
StatusClient state of France
GovernmentRevolutionary republic
Historical eraFrench Revolutionary Wars
• Occupied by Custine
21 October 1792
• Independence proclaimed
18 March 1793
• Delegates sent to Paris
23 March 1793
• National Convention approved accession to French Republic
30 March 1793
• Reconquered by Austro-Prussian forces
22 July 1793
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Mainz
Electorate of Mainz
Today part ofGermany
Liberty pole, erected in Mainz in January 1793

The Republic of Mainz was the first democratic state in the current German territory.[1] It was in Mainz. It was made because of the French Revolutionary Wars. It lasted from March to July 1793.

References[change | change source]

  1. The short-lived republic is often ignored in identifying the "first German democracy", in favour of the Weimar Republic; e.g. "the failure of the first German democracy after the First World War (the Weimar Republic)..." (Peter J. Burnell, Democracy Assistance: international co-operation for democratization 2000:131), or Ch. 3. 'The First Attempt at Democracy, 1918–1933', in Michael Balfour, West Germany: a contemporary history, 1982:60

Further reading[change | change source]

  • Blanning, T. C. W. (1983). The French Revolution in Germany. Occupation and Resistance in the Rhineland 1792–1802. Oxford: Clarendon Press. ISBN 0-19-822564-4.
  • Blanning, T. C. W. (1974). Reform and Revolution in Mainz 1743–1803. London: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-20418-6.
  • Störkel, Arno (1994). The Defenders of Mayence in 1792: A Portrait of a Small European Army at the Outbreak of the French Revolutionary Wars. Canberra: The University of New South Wales.