Maned wolf

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Maned wolf[1]
Temporal range: 0.1–0 Ma
Late Pleistocene – Recent
Chrysocyon.brachyurus.jpg
Maned wolf in Cologne Zoo, Germany
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Subfamily: Caninae
Tribe: Canini
Genus: Chrysocyon
Smith, 1839
Species:
C. brachyurus
Binomial name
Chrysocyon brachyurus
(Illiger, 1815)
Maned Wolf area.png
Range of the maned wolf
Synonyms[3]

Canis brachyurus, C. campestris, C. isodactylus, C. jubatus, Vulpes cancrosa

The maned wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canid of South America. Its markings are like those of foxes, but it is not a fox or a wolf. It is the only type in the genus Chrysocyon, which means "golden dog".

The maned wolf has long, thin legs and thick reddish fur. The maned wolf is an omnivore. It has an important job in the seed dispersal of fruits, especially the wolf apple. The maned wolf usually lives alone. It communicates with other maned wolves by giving a loud call known as "roar-barking".

The maned wolf lives in open and semi open habitats, especially in grasslands. It lives in south, central-west, and southeastern Brazil, Paraguay, northern Argentina, and Bolivia, southeastern Peru. It is very rare in Uruguay. It is a near threatened species.[4][5]

References[change | change source]

  1. Wozencraft, W. C. (2005). "Order Carnivora". In Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M (eds.). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 532–628. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. Rodden, M.; Rodrigues, F. & Bestelmeyer, S. (2008). "Chrysocyon brachyurus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008. Retrieved 22 March 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |last-author-amp= (help)CS1 maint: ref=harv (link) Database entry includes justification for why this species is near threatened.
  3. Osgood, Wilfred H. (1919). "Names of Some South American Mammals". Journal of Mammalogy. 1 (1): 33–36. doi:10.2307/1373718. JSTOR 1373718.
  4. Rodden, M.; Rodrigues, F. & Bestelmeyer, S. (2008). "Chrysocyon brachyurus".CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  5. Wozencraft, C. W. (2005). "Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference". ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0.