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King Mangrai Monument in Chiang Rai
King of Lanna
PredecessorHimself as King of Ngoenyang
King of Ngoenyang
PredecessorLao Meng
SuccessorHimself as King of Lanna
Chiang Saen, Ngoenyang
Died1311 (aged 73)
Chiang Mai, Lanna
HouseMangrai Dynasty
FatherLao Meng
MotherUa Ming Chom Mueang
"Phaya Mengrai" in Tai Tham script
Northern Thai name
Northern Thaiᩕᨻ᩠ᨿᩣᨾᩢ᩠ᨦᩁᩣ᩠ᨿ

Mangrai also known as King Mangrai the Great was the 25th king of Ngoenyang. He founded the city of Chiang Mai and the Kingdom of Lan Na in Southeast Asia.[1] He ruled from 1292 to 1311 CE.[2][3]

Early Life[change | change source]

He was born in 1238 in the ruling family of Ngoenyang. His father was the ruler of the Tai kingdom of Ngoenyang.

Achievements[change | change source]

In 1262, Mangrai established Chiang Rai as the new capital city. He then began conquering the neighboring region. He defeated the Mon kingdom of Hariphunchai in 1281. In 1292, Mangrai relocated his capital to the newly established city of Wiang Kum Kam. Later in 1296, he left Wiang Kum Kam and established Chiang Mai as the new capital of Lanna Kingdom.

Death and Succession[change | change source]

He died in 1311 in Chiang Mai. His son Chai Songkhram succeeded him as king. His dynasty ruled the Lanna Kingdom for more than two centuries.

References[change | change source]

  1. "Lawa (Lua) : A Study from Palm-Leaf Manuscripts and Stone Inscriptions". Archived from the original on 7 July 2012. Retrieved 6 June 2022.
  2. "Ancient Chiang Mai: King Mangrai of Lan Na". Archived from the original on 2011-12-01. Retrieved 2012-06-03.
  3. "Lanna Culture and Social Development: A Case Study of Chiangmai Province in Northern Thailand" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2015-09-24.