Marion County Courthouse (2009)
|Coordinates: Coordinates: |
|Platted||1866, 1871, 1873|
|Named for||Francis Marion|
|• Mayor||Todd Heitschmidt |
|• Total||2.99 sq mi (7.7 km2)|
|• Land||2.98 sq mi (7.7 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||1,312 ft (400 m)|
| • Estimate |
|• Density||640/sq mi (250/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (CST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|FIPS code||20-44750 |
|GNIS ID||0477366 |
Marion is a city in Marion County, Kansas, United States. It is also the county seat of Marion County. It was named after Francis Marion, a Brigadier General of the American Revolutionary War, known as the "Swamp Fox". In 2010, 1,927 people lived there.
History[change | change source]
19th century[change | change source]
The city of Marion Centre was created in 1860. It became the county seat. A post office was created in Marion Centre on September 30, 1862. It was renamed to Marion on October 15, 1881. The namesake of the city is Francis Marion.
As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion had a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and people from Marion County and McPherson County started the Marion and McPherson Railway Company. In 1879, a railroad was built from Florence to McPherson. In 1880 it was extended to Lyons. In 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood. The line was used by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was left in 1968. In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, because of heavy flood damage, the line from Marion to McPherson was left. The original railroad connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, Ellinwood. Later, the Santa Fe depot building became the Marion Library. Most locals still refer to this railroad as the "Santa Fe".
In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway built a railroad north-south from Herington through Marion to Caldwell. It closed in 1891. It was taken over by Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway, which closed in 1980 and became the Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas Railroad. It merged 1988 with Missouri Pacific Railroad. It merged in 1997 with Union Pacific Railroad. Most locals still call this railroad as the "Rock Island".
In 1888, Marion incorporated as a city. In 1889, the Marion Belt and Chingawasa Springs Railroad built a 4.5-mile (7.2 km) railroad from Marion north-east to Chingawasa Springs. A hotel was built near the place of the spa at Chingawasa Springs. A depot and restaurant were built too. Both Santa Fe and Rock Island had round trip fares from Chicago and western cities to Chingawasa Springs. The Panic of 1893 closed down the health spa and hotel, and businesses along the tracks never developed well. In 1893, the railroad stopped, and tracks were removed in 1910.
20th century[change | change source]
In 1937, the Marion County Lake was completed by the Civilian Conservation Corps south-east of Marion. It was to be used for recreation. There were many floods during the early history of Marion. In June and July 1951, due to heavy rains, rivers and streams flooded many cities in Kansas, including Marion. Many reservoirs and levees were built in Kansas because of the Great Flood of 1951. From 1964 to 1968, the Marion Reservoir was built north-west of Marion. Downstream from the Marion Reservoir, levees were built in the low areas of Marion and Florence.
21st century[change | change source]
In 2010, the Keystone-Cushing Pipeline (Phase II) was built west of Marion, north to south through Marion County. There was a lot of controversy over road damage, tax exemption, and environmental concerns (if a leak ever happens).
Geography[change | change source]
Marion is at  It is in the Flint Hills. The United States Census Bureau says that the city has a total area of 2.99 square miles (7.74 km2). Of that, 2.98 square miles (7.72 km2) is land and 0.01 square miles (0.03 km2) is water.(38.348952, −97.016037).
Weather[change | change source]
People[change | change source]
|U.S. Decennial Census|
2010 census[change | change source]
Things to see[change | change source]
Marion has five listings on the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP).
- Elgin Hotel (NRHP), 115 North 3rd Street. Currently a Bed and Breakfast.
- First Presbyterian Church (NRHP), 610 East Lawrence Street.
- Hill Grade School (NRHP), 601 East Main Street.
- Marion County Courthouse (NRHP), 200 South 3rd Street.
- Marion County Museum, 623 East Main Street. Formerly the First Baptist Church from 1882 to mid-1950s.
- Marion County Lake, 1-mile (1.6 km) east of Marion on 190th Street (Main) then 1.75 miles (2.82 km) south on Upland Road.
- Marion Reservoir, exits closest to farther from Marion along US-56: Marion cove and Cottonwood Point cove (Pawnee Road), Overlook and Dam (Old Mill Road), Hillsboro cove (Nighthawk Road), French Creek cove (Limestone Road).
Culture[change | change source]
Education[change | change source]
Media[change | change source]
Print[change | change source]
- Marion County Record, official newspaper for City of Marion and Marion County.
- Hillsboro Free Press, free newspaper for greater Marion County area.
Infrastructure[change | change source]
Famous people[change | change source]
- Randolph Carpenter (1894–1956), U.S. Representative from Kansas and a U.S. Army World War I veteran.
- Charlie Faust (1880–1915), Major League baseball player
- Beverly Hoch (born 1951), soprano
- Edward Hoch (1849–1925), Kansas House of Representatives, 17th Governor of Kansas, editor of Marion County Record, Hoch Auditoria at University of Kansas was named after him.
- Homer Hoch (1879–1949), U.S. Congressman, member of Kansas Supreme Court, lawyer, editor of Marion County Record
- Tex Jones (1885–1938), Major League baseball player
- Eric Meyer (born 1953), journalism professor at University of Illinois, Pulitzer Prize nominee, president and majority owner of Hoch Publishing Co (in Marion)
- Fay Moulton (1876–1945), Olympic sprinter, football player and coach, lawyer; served as fifth head football coach at Kansas State Agricultural College, now Kansas State University
- Samuel Peters (1842–1910), Captain in Union Army (1861–1865), Kansas State Senate (1874–1875), Judge of 9th District (1875–1883), U.S. House of Representatives (1883–1891), editor of Newton Daily Kansas-Republican (1899), postmaster in Newton (1898–1910), lawyer in Newton and Marion.
- William Runyan (1870–1957), preacher, songwriter who composed "Great Is Thy Faithfulness"
- Carla Stovall (born 1957), Kansas Attorney General
References[change | change source]
- Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) details for Marion, Kansas; United States Geological Survey (USGS); October 13, 1978.
- Template:یادکرد وب
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 6, 2012.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Blue Skyways - A service of the State Library of Kansas".
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 21, 2011. Retrieved March 6, 2011.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archived)". Kansas Historical Society. Archived from the original on 9 October 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2014.
- Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 233.
- Marion County Kansas : Past and Present; Sondra Van Meter; MB Publishing House; LCCN 72-92041; 344 pages; 1972.
- Kansas. Board of Railroad Commissioners (1886). Fourth Annual Report of the Board of Railroad Commissioners for the Year Ending December 1, 1886 in State of Kansas; Kansas Publishing House; 1886. Kansas Publishing House: T.D. Thacher, state printer.
- "Railway Abandonment 1968".
- "Rock Island Rail History".
- "The Marion Belt and Chingawasa Springs Railroad - 117 Year Old Passenger Car Exists Today".
- "Chingawasa Springs (1 of 2)". National Orphan Train Complex. Archived from the original on 2011-10-02.
- Keystone Pipeline - Marion County Commission calls out Legislative Leadership on Pipeline Deal; April 18, 2010. Archived October 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
- "Keystone Pipeline - TransCanada inspecting pipeline; December 10, 2010". LJWorld.com.
- "Climate Summary for Marion, Kansas". Weatherbase.
- National Register of Historic Places - Elgin Hotel
- National Register of Historic Places - First Presbyterian Church
- National Register of Historic Places - Hill Grade School
- National Register of Historic Places - Marion County Courthouse
- "City of Marion Official web site".
- "City of Marion Official web site".
- "City of Marion Official web site".
- "USD 408".
- Kansas School District Boundary Map Archived 2011-07-21 at the Wayback Machine
- T.E.E.N. video teaching network
- "UP Railroad Common Line Names" (PDF). Union Pacific Railroad. Retrieved 2010-08-02.
- "Marion Municipal Airport map" (PDF).
- "Marion Municipal Airport information".
- "13 Advance to Semi-finals". The Victoria Advocate. May 7, 1983.
- Kansas Legislators Past & Present Archived 2010-08-01 at the Wayback Machine
- Capace, Nancy (1 June 2000). Encyclopedia of Kansas. North American Book Dist LLC. p. 264. ISBN 978-0-403-09312-0.
More Reading[change | change source]
- Marion County Dreamed of Prosperity in Chingawassa Springs, Quarry Siding and Rainbow Lake; Marion Record Review; September 14, 1944.
- Memories of Old Chingawassa Railroad and Resort; Marion Record; September 10/11 Souvenir Edition, 1941.
- First Mayor of Marion Centre; Jack Costello; Marion Record; September 10/11 Souvenir Edition, 1941.
- Presbyterian Church Seventy Years Old; Marion Record; September 11, 1941.
- Marion, Kansas; Printing Bureau, 1926.
Other websites[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Marion, Kansas.|
- USD 408, school district for Marion, Florence, Eastshore, Canada, Aulne, nearby rural areas of Marion County
- USD 408 School District Boundary Map, KDOT
- Photos and Videos
- KWCH 'One of a Kind' Kansas road trip in 2011: Photos, Video 1, Video 2. Towns included were Coldwater, Sterling, Atwood, Lucas, Marion.
- Historic Images of Marion, Special Photo Collections at Wichita State University Library
- "Marion County cemetery list". Archived from the original on 2013-05-09., archive of KsGenWeb
- Marion County history bibliography, Marion County school bibliography, Kansas Historical Society