Mecklenburg-Vorpommern

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Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
State of Germany
Schwerin Palace, seat of the Landtag, is one of more than 2000 palaces and castles in the state.
Schwerin Palace, seat of the Landtag, is one of more than 2000 palaces and castles in the state.
Flag of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Flag
Coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.svg
Country Germany
Capital Schwerin
Government
 • Minister-President Manuela Schwesig (SPD)
 • Governing parties SPD / CDU
 • Votes in Bundesrat 3 (of 69)
Area
 • City 23,174 km2 (8,948 sq mi)
Population (2014)[1]
 • City 1,599,100
 • Density 69/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code DE-MV
Vehicle registration formerly: MP (1945–1947), SM (1948–1953)[2]
GDP/ Nominal € 40 / $45 billion (2015) [3]
GDP per capita € 25,000 / $28,000 (2015)
NUTS Region DE8
Website Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.eu

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern is one of the 16 States of Germany. The capital is Schwerin.

As of 2016, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania had about 1,612,000 people.

It made part of former East Germany.

It is the most northeastern state of Germany. It borders the Baltic Sea in the north, Poland in the east, Brandenburg in the south, Lower Saxony in the southwest and Schleswig-Holstein in the west.

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania is low-lying and has many rivers, canals and lakes. The Stettin Lagoon lies partly in this state and partly in Poland.

The state hosts the biggest German island called Rügen, and the second biggest German lake called Müritz.

Politics[change | change source]

Seats in the state parliament (Landtag) since 2016:

Total: 71 seats

Schloss Schwerin

Cities[change | change source]

The largest cities/towns in the state are:

Besides Rostock all have a population of less than 200,000. Schwerin, the state capital, is the smallest state capital in Germany. Usually Schwerin would not be called a city. In Germany a city has over 100,000 people.

Districts[change | change source]

Former districts[change | change source]

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was going to change the borders of all of its urban districts (towns) and rural districts (kreise or "counties"). The state supreme court stopped the changes.

Mecklenburg-Vorpommern was divided into twelve rural districts (Landkreise):

  1. Bad Doberan
  2. Demmin
  3. Güstrow
  4. Ludwigslust
  5. Mecklenburg-Strelitz
  6. Müritz
  1. Nordvorpommern
  2. Nordwestmecklenburg
  3. Ostvorpommern
  4. Parchim
  5. Rügen
  6. Uecker-Randow

Also there were six independent urban districts:

  1. Greifswald (HGW)
  2. Neubrandenburg (NB)
  3. Rostock (HRO)
  4. Schwerin (SN)
  5. Stralsund (HST)
  6. Wismar (HWI)

Current districts[change | change source]

Mecklenburg & Pomerania

Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania has been divided into six rural districts (Landkreise) and two independent urban districts (kreisfreie Städte) since 4 September 2011:

Rural districts:

  1. Ludwigslust-Parchim
  2. Mecklenburgische Seenplatte
  3. Nordwestmecklenburg
  4. Rostock
  5. Vorpommern-Greifswald
  6. Vorpommern-Rügen

Urban districts:

  1. Rostock
  2. Schwerin

References[change | change source]

  1. "State population". Portal of the Federal Statistics Office Germany (in German). Retrieved 2007-04-25.
  2. With the abolition of states in East Germany in 1952 vehicle registration followed the new Bezirk subdivisions. Since 1991 distinct prefixes are specified for each district.
  3. "Regional GDP per capita in the EU28 in 2013". Retrieved 2015-09-10.