آزاد جموں و کشمیر
|Azād Jāmmu o Kāshmir|
Location of Azad Jammu and Kashmir
|Established||24 October 1947|
|• Type||Autonomous territory of Pakistan|
|• Body||Legislative Assembly|
|• Prime Minister|||
|• Total||13,297 km2 (5,134 sq mi)|
|• Density||340/km2 (890/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5 (PKT)|
|ISO 3166 code||PK-JK|
Azād Jammu and Kashmir, (Urdu: آزاد جموں و کشمیر, lit. 'Free Jammu and Kashmir') also called Azad Kashmir, is a self-governing province of Pakistan and one of the disputed territories of the Kashmir conflict as it is claimed by India.
It borders Gilgit-Baltistan in the North while to its East is the Indian-held Kashmir, known as Jammu and Kashmir (also a disputed territory between India and Pakistan, part of the Kashmir conflict), separated by the Line of control and to its south is the Islamabad Capital Territory as well as Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Punjab, Pakistan
The capital city of Azad Kashmir is Muzaffarabad. Azad Jammu and Kashmir has an area of 5,134 mi² (13,297 km²). The inhabitants of this region are Kashmiri citizens of ethnic Pahari origin. About 4 million people live there.
Government and politics[change | change source]
Azad Kashmir is a self-governing state under Pakistan. It has its own elected president, prime minister, legislature, high court, emblem and official flag. However, the highest body in the state is the Azad Jammu and Kashmir Council. This council has six members from the government of Azad Kashmir (including the President and the Prime Minister of Azad Kashmir) and five members from the government of Pakistan, including the President of Pakistan who is the chairman/chief executive of the council. Azad Kashmir is administratively divided into three divisions which, in turn, are divided into ten districts.
Divisions[change | change source]
The state is divided into three divisions. The divisions are further divided into districts. There are 10 districts.
|Division||District||Area (km²)||Population (1998)||Headquarters|
|Haveli||600 (est.)||111,694 (est.)||Forward Kahuta|
|AJK Total||10 districts||13,297||2,972,501||Muzaffarabad|
Geography[change | change source]
The northern part of Azad Jammu and Kashmir encompasses the lower area of the Himalayas, including Jamgarh Peak (4,734 m or 15,531 ft). However, Hari Parbat peak in Neelum Valley is the highest peak in the state. Fertile, green, mountainous valleys are characteristic of Azad Kashmir's geography, making it one of the most beautiful regions of the subcontinent.
The region receives rainfall in both the winter and the summer. Muzaffarabad and Pattan are among the wettest areas of Pakistan. Throughout most of the region, the average rainfall exceeds 1400 mm, with the highest average rainfall occurring near Muzaffarabad (around 1800 mm). During the summer season, monsoon floods of the rivers Jhelum and Leepa are common due to extreme rains and snow melting.
|State animal||Kashmir stag|
|State bird||Himalayan monal|
|State flower||Rhododendron ponticum|
|State tree||Platanus orientalis|
References[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Azad Jammu and Kashmir.|
- "Pir Karam Ali Shah appointed GB Governor". The News. 26 January 2011. Retrieved 28 January 2011.
- "Associated Press Of Pakistan ( Pakistan's Premier NEWS Agency ) - Public service policy to be pursued in Azad Kashmir: PM". Ftp.app.com.pk. Retrieved 5 June 2010.
- Legislative Assembly will have directly elected 24 members, besides six women and three technocrats. "Azad Kashmir: New Pakistani Package or Governor Rule" 3 September 2009, The Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization (UNPO)
- "Azad Kashmir" at britannica.com
- "Azad Jammu and Kashmir – Introduction". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 22 June 2010.
- "Administrative Setup". ajk.gov.pk. Archived from the original on 9 April 2010. Retrieved 17 May 2010.