The phonograph, also called the record player or gramophone, is an electronic device that plays recorded sound. It was the most common device for playing recorded music from the 1870s through the 1980s. It was invented by Thomas Edison. Early phonographs recorded sound on cylinders, in addition to playing sound.
Thomas Edison made his first phonograph with the mouth piece of the early telephone and some tinfoil. He thought he could talk into the mouth piece to make a disk vibrate, as the disk vibrated a needle would put grooves in the tinfoil. When Edison adjusted the machine to play and cranked the lever, he was surprised to hear his voice play back to him. He said his ideas rarely worked the first time.
Later phonographs play sounds from a vinyl record. The record is placed onto the turntable. The turntable spins the record while a lever with a small needle on the bottom scrapes in between the little grooves in the vinyl. When this happens, music is played. These modern machines do not record. They play records that were made in a factory.