Portrait of a Piankeshaw by George Catlin.
|extinct as a tribe|
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States (Indiana, Ohio, Illinois)|
|Traditional tribal religion|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Miami, Wea, Illinois|
The Piankeshaw, Piankashaw or Pianguichia Indigenous Peoples are Native Americans and members of the Miami Indians. They lived away from the rest of the Miami nation, therefore they were known as Peeyankihšiaki ("splitting off" from the others, Sing.: Peeyankihšia - "Piankeshaw Person"). They live in an area that now includes western Indiana and Ohio. They are closely allied with the Wea Indians. Piankeshaw villages have been found along the White River in central Indiana, and along the Vermilion River in Illinois, near Ouiatenon. The Piankashaw were living along the Vermilion river in 1743.