Pieter Brueghel the Elder
Pieter Brueghel the Elder (c. 1525 – 9 September 1569) was a Dutch or Flemish Renaissance painter and printmaker. He is known for his landscapes and peasant scenes. He is nicknamed 'Peasant Bruegel' to distinguish him from other members of the Brueghel family. But he is the most famous of them and therefore in most of the cases when someone speaks of "Brueghel" he thinks of him. From 1559 he dropped the 'h' from his name and started signing his paintings as Bruegel.
Life[change | change source]
There are records that he was born in Breda, Netherlands, but it is uncertain whether the Dutch town of Breda or the Belgian town of Bree, called Breda in Latin, is meant. He was the son of a peasant living in the village of Breughel.
Style[change | change source]
In Bruegel's later years he painted in a simpler style than the Italian art in his time. The most obvious influence on his art is the older Dutch master Hieronymus Bosch.
Themes[change | change source]
Bruegel specialized in landscapes populated by peasants. He is often credited as being the first Western painter to paint landscapes for their own sake.
He showed the rituals of village life—including agriculture, hunts, meals, festivals, dances, and games. These show the folk culture of 16th century life.
Some of his Paintings[change | change source]
Naval Battle in the Gulf of Naples, 1560, Galleria Doria-Pamphili, Rome
The "Little" Tower of Babel, c. 1563, Museum Boymans-van Beuningen, Rotterdam
Massacre of the Innocents, c. 1565, versions Royal Collection, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna, and London art market (2007)
The Land of Cockaigne/Land Of Milk And Honey, 1567, Alte Pinakothek, Munich
- Winter Landscape with a Bird Trap, 1565, Bruxelles, Koninklijke Musea voor Schone Kunsten van Belgie, inv. 8724
- The Peasant and the Nest Robber, 1568, Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna
- The Three Soldiers, 1568, Frick Collection, New York City
- Conversion Of Paul, 1567, Kunsthistorishes Museum, Vienna
- The Storm at Sea, an unfinished work, probably Bruegel's last painting.
Other websites[change | change source]
- Biography at the Web Gallery of Art
- Pieter Bruegel the Elder at Olga's Gallery
- Pieter Bruegel the Elder in the "A World History of Art"
- Complete list of paintings. Includes all of the 100 proverbs from the painting, with explanation (in French). Archived 2020-08-13 at the Wayback Machine
- www.all-art.org/early_renaissance About Pieter Brueghel the Elder
- Timken Museum of Art's "Parable of the Sower" by Pieter Bruegel the Elder Archived 2010-04-21 at the Wayback Machine