President of Sri Lanka

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President of Sri Lanka
ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජනාධිපති
இலங்கை சனாதிபதி
Presidential Standard of Sri Lanka (Maithripala Sirisena).svg
Maithripala- Russia (portrait).jpg
Incumbent
Maithripala Sirisena

since 9 January 2015
StyleThe Honourable
(Informal)
His Excellency
(Formal and diplomatic)
Member ofCabinet
National Security Council
ResidencePresident's House (de jure)
61 Paget Road, Colombo 7 (de facto)[1][2]
SeatColombo
AppointerDirect election
Term lengthFive years, renewable once
Constituting instrumentConstitution of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
PrecursorGovernor-General of Ceylon
Inaugural holderWilliam Gopallawa
as the first President under
the 1972 Constitution

J. R. Jayewardene
as the first executive President under
the 1978 Constitution
Formation22 May 1972; 47 years ago (1972-05-22)
4 February 1978; 41 years ago (1978-02-04)
SalaryLKR 1,170,000 annually (2016) (≈ $ 7,640) [3]
WebsitePresident
Presidential Secretariat

The President of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්‍රී ලංකා ජනාධිපති Śrī Laṃkā Janādhipathi; Tamil: இலங்கை சனாதிபதி Ilankai janātipati) is the executive head of state and head of government of Sri Lanka and commander-in-chief of the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.

The office was created in 1972 as the head of state and becoming the head of government in 1978. The office is the single most dominant political office in the country. The current President is Maithripala Sirisena.

List of Presidents[change | change source]

Parties

  United National Party   Sri Lanka Freedom Party   Independent

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Home province
Term of office
Electoral mandates
Time in office
Other ministerial offices
held while President
Political party
of President
Government Refs
1 William Gopallawa.jpg William Gopallawa
විලියම් ගොපල්ලව
வில்லியம் கோபள்ளவா
(1897–1981)
Central
22 May
1972
4 February
1978
Independent Sirimavo Bandaranaike II 10th [4]
 —
5 years, 8 months and 13 days
Served as the last Governor-General of Ceylon and the first (non-executive) President when Ceylon declared itself a republic in 1972, and changed its name to Sri Lanka.
2 Junius Richard Jayawardana (1906-1996).jpg J. R. Jayewardene
ජුනියස් රිචඩ් ජයවර්ධන
ஜூனியஸ் ரிச்சட் ஜயவர்தனா
(1906–1996)
Western
4 February
1978
2 January
1989
Minister of Defence
Minister of Planning & Economic Affairs
Minister of Plan Implementation
& Minister of Higher Education
United National Party Jayewardene 11th
12th
[4]
1982
10 years, 11 months and 29 days
Introduced the Executive Presidency in 1978, and assumed the position of President of Sri Lanka.[5]
3 No image.png Sri Lankabhimanya
Ranasinghe Premadasa
රණසිංහ ප්‍රේමදාස
ரணசிங்க பிரேமதாசா
(1924–1993)
Western
2 January
1989
1 May
1993†
Minister of Defence
Minister of Buddha Sasana
& Minister of Minister of Policy Planning & Implementation
United National Party Premadasa 13th [4]
1988
4 years and 4 months
Was assassinated during a May Day rally, by an LTTE suicide bomber.
4 No image.png Sri Lankabhimanya
Dingiri Banda Wijetunga
ඩිංගිරි බණ්ඩා විජේතුංග
டிங்கிரி பண்ட விஜேதுங்க
(1916–2008)
Central
1 May
1993
12 November
1994
United National Party Wijetunga 13th [4]
 — 14th
1 year, 6 months and 10 days
Prime Minister at the time of Ranasinghe Premadasa's assassination by LTTE. Appointed as acting president and continued in that capacity until 7 May 1993 when he was elected by Parliament to the office of President under Article 40 of the Constitution.
5 Chandrika Bandaranaike Kumaratunga As The President of Sri Lanka.jpg Chandrika Kumaratunga
චන්ද්‍රිකා බණ්ඩාරනායක කුමාරතුංග
சந்திரிகா பண்டாரநாயக்கே குமாரதுங்கா
(1947–)
Western
12 November
1994
19 November
2005
Sri Lanka Freedom Party Kumaratunga 14th
15th
[4]
1994, 1999 16th
11 years and 7 days 17th
The first non UNP President of the country. Appointed her mother, Sirimavo Bandaranaike, to succeed her as Prime Minister. Victim of multiple assassination attempts by LTTE, which were all unsuccessful.
6 Mahinda Rajapaksa.jpg Mahinda Rajapaksa
මහින්ද රාජපක්ෂ
மகிந்த ராசபக்ச
(1945–)
Southern
19 November
2005
9 January
2015
Minister of Defence
Minister of Finance
Minister of Law & Order
& Minister of Highways, Ports & Shipping
Sri Lanka Freedom Party Rajapaksa 17th
18th
[4]
2005, 2010
9 years, 1 month and 21 days
Ended the 25-year-long Sri Lankan Civil War and LTTE insurgency in the country. Alleged war crimes during the final stages of the Sri Lankan Civil War, Infrastructure Development, Feud with Sarath Fonseka, Eighteenth Amendment to the Sri Lankan Constitution, Impeachment of Shirani Bandaranayake, Defeated in 2015 elections.
7 Maithripala- Russia (cropped).jpg Maithripala Sirisena
මෛත්‍රිපාල සිරිසේන
மைத்திரிபால சிறிசேன
(1951–)
North Central
9 January
2015
Incumbent Minister of Defence
Minister of Mahaweli Development and Environment
Sri Lanka Freedom Party[N 1] Sirisena
(UNP backed coalition)
18th [4]
2015 19th
4 years, 5 months and 15 days
Defeated Rajapaksa in his bid for unprecedented third term. Mainly backed by United National Party and other opposition parties nominated under New Democratic Front (Sri Lanka). Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution of Sri Lanka.100-day reform program. Reinstated Shirani Bandaranayake as Chief Justice. Promoted Sarath Fonseka to the rank of Field Marshal. Reset foreign relations with India and the United States.

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Elected as a New Democratic Front candidate.

References[change | change source]

  1. "President Justifies Rs 180 M Budget For Repairs His Residence". Colombotelegraph.com. Colombo Telegraph. 7 October 2015. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  2. Hemmathagama, Ashwin (26 June 2015). "PM makes mockery of MR privileges claims". Ft.lk. Daily Financial Times Sri Lanka. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  3. Thomas, Kris (21 November 2016). "Of Ministers' Salaries And Parliamentary Perks". Roar.lk. Retrieved 30 August 2017.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 "Heads of State". Parliament of Sri Lanka. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
  5. "Former Sri Lanka president dies, leaves mixed legacy". CNN. 1 November 1996. Retrieved 4 October 2008.[dead link]