President of Turkmenistan

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President of Turkmenistan
Türkmenistanyň prezidenti
Emblem of Turkmenistan.svg
Coat of Arms of Turkmenistan
Flag of the President of Turkmenistan.svg
Standard of the President of Turkmenistan
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow (2017-10-02) 02.jpg
Incumbent
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow

since 14 February 2007[1]
StyleHis Excellency (international correspondence)
Mr. President (informally)
Distinguished Supreme Commander-in-Chief (military)
Arkadag (for President Berdimuhamedow only)
Member ofCabinet of Ministers
State Security Council
ResidenceOguzkhan Presidential Palace
SeatAshgabat
AppointerDirect popular vote
Term length7 years, renewable
Inaugural holderSaparmurat Niyazov
Formation2 November 1990 (Turkmen SSR)
27 October 1991 (Turkmenistan)
SuccessionChairman of the Assembly of Turkmenistan
DeputyVice President of Turkmenistan
Salary10,800 USD[2]

President of Turkmenistan (Turkmen:Türkmenistanyň prezidenti) is the head of state and of the executive power, is the highest official of Turkmenistan.

Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow is the current President of Turkmenistan, only the second in the history of the country since it gained independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.

The President is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Turkmenistan and the Chairman of the country's Cabinet of Ministers.

Term limits[change | change source]

The country passed reforms in 2016 eliminating term limits for the presidency and removing the age requirement of below 70, as well as extending the term from five to seven years.[3]

Requirements for presidents and removal from office[change | change source]

Requirements for candidates for President of Turkmenistan include the following:[4]

  • Must have been born in Turkmenistan
  • Must be fluent in the Turkmen language
  • Must be at least 40 years old
  • Must have resided in Turkmenistan for the past 15 consecutive years
  • Must be employed

List of presidents[change | change source]

A. № Name
(Birth–Death)
Picture Took office Left office Political party
1 1.
1990
Saparmurat Niyazov
(1939–2006)
Saparmurat Niyazov in 2002.jpg 2 November 1990 16 December 1991 Communist Party of Turkmenistan
(1) 16 December 1991 21 June 1992 Democratic Party of Turkmenistan
2.
1992
21 June 1992 28 December 1999[5]
3.
President for Life
28 December 1999 21 December 2006[6]
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
(1957–)
Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow in 2018.jpg 21 December 2006 11 February 2007 Democratic Party of Turkmenistan

Independent
2 1.
2007
11 February 2007 12 February 2012
2.
2012
12 February 2012 12 February 2017
3.
2017
12 February 2017 Incumbent

References[change | change source]

  1. Acting between 21 December 2006 and 14 February 2007.
  2. https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/711288
  3. "The president of Turkmenistan wins re-election with 98% of the vote". The Economist. Retrieved 2017-02-26.
  4. Конституция Туркмении
  5. Declared President for Life.
  6. Died in office.

Other websites[change | change source]