Prime Minister of Haiti

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Prime Minister of Haiti
Premier ministre d'Haïti
Premye Minis Ayiti
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
Flag of Haiti.svg
Ariel Henry conference.jpg
Incumbent
Ariel Henry

since 20 July 2021
StyleHis/Her Excellency
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
AppointerPresident of Haiti
Inaugural holderMartial Célestin
Formation9 February 1988
Website[1]

The prime minister of Haiti (French: Premier ministre d'Haïti, Haitian Creole: Premye Minis Ayiti) is the head of government of Haiti. The office was created under the 1987 Constitution. Before all executive power was held by the president or head of state, who appointed and chaired the Council of Ministers.

List[change | change source]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Election President
(Term)
Took office Left office Time in office
1 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Martial Célestin
(1913–2011)
9 February 1988 20 June 1988[a] 132 days Independent 1988 Leslie Manigat
Leslie Manigat, 16 juin 1988.png
(1988)
Post vacant (20 June 1988 – 13 February 1991)
2 Rene Preval.jpg René Préval
(1943–2017)
13 February 1991 11 October 1991[b] 240 days Lavalas Political Organization 1990–91 Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Jean-Bertrand Aristide (cropped).jpg
(1991)
3 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jean-Jacques Honorat
(born 1931)
11 October 1991 19 June 1992 252 days Independent Joseph Nérette
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
(1991–1992)
4 Marc Bazin, haitian political.jpg Marc Bazin
(1932–2010)
19 June 1992 30 August 1993 1 year, 72 days Movement for the Instauration of Democracy in Haiti Marc Bazin
Marc Bazin, haitian political.jpg
(1992–1993)
5 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Robert Malval
(born 1943)
30 August 1993 8 November 1994 1 year, 70 days Independent 1993 Émile Jonassaint
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
(1993–1994)
6 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Smarck Michel
(1937–2012)
8 November 1994 7 November 1995 364 days Lavalas Political Organization Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Jean-Bertrand Aristide (cropped).jpg
(1994–1996)
7 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Claudette Werleigh
(born 1946)
7 November 1995 27 February 1996 112 days Lavalas Political Organization 1995
8 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Rosny Smarth
(born 1940)
27 February 1996 20 October 1997 1 year, 235 days Lavalas Political Organization René Préval
Rene Preval.jpg
(1996–2001)
Post vacant (20 October 1997 – 26 March 1999)
9 Jacques-Édouard Alexis.jpg Jacques-Édouard Alexis
(born 1947)
26 March 1999 2 March 2001 1 year, 341 days Fanmi Lavalas 1997
10 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jean Marie Chérestal
(born 1947)
2 March 2001 15 March 2002 1 year, 13 days Fanmi Lavalas 2000 Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Jean-Bertrand Aristide (cropped).jpg
(2001–2004)
11 Yvon Neptune.jpg Yvon Neptune
(born 1946)
15 March 2002 12 March 2004[c] 1 year, 363 days Fanmi Lavalas
12 Latortue.jpg Gérard Latortue
(born 1934)
12 March 2004 9 June 2006 2 years, 89 days Independent Boniface Alexandre
Boniface Alexandre.jpg
(2004–2006)
(9) Jacques-Édouard Alexis.jpg Jacques-Édouard Alexis
(born 1947)
9 June 2006 5 September 2008 2 years, 88 days Lespwa 2006 René Préval
Rene Preval.jpg
(2006–2011)
13 Prime Minister Michele Pierre-Louis of Haiti - 2009 (cropped).JPG Michèle Pierre-Louis
(born 1947)
5 September 2008 11 November 2009 1 year, 67 days Independent
14 Jen-Max Bellerive.jpg Jean-Max Bellerive
(born 1958)
11 November 2009 18 October 2011 1 year, 341 days Lespwa
15 Garry Conille 2012.jpg Garry Conille
(born 1966)
18 October 2011 16 May 2012 211 days Independent 2010–11 Michel Martelly
Michel Martelly on April 20, 2011.jpg
(2011–2016)
16 Laurent Lamothe in 2012.jpg Laurent Lamothe
(born 1972)
16 May 2012 20 December 2014 2 years, 218 days Independent
Florence Duperval Guillaume.JPG Florence Duperval Guillaume
(born 19–)
20 December 2014 16 January 2015 27 days Independent
17 EvansPaul.jpg Evans Paul
(born 1955)
16 January 2015 26 February 2016 1 year, 41 days Democratic Alliance Party
18 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Fritz Jean
(born 1953)
26 February 2016 28 March 2016 31 days Inite 2015–16 Jocelerme Privert
Jocelerme Privert (30186877591).jpg
(2016–2017)
19 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Enex Jean-Charles
(born 1960)
28 March 2016 21 March 2017 358 days Independent
20 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jack Guy Lafontant
(born 1961)
21 March 2017 17 September 2018 1 year, 180 days Democratic Movement of Haiti –
Democratic Rally of Haiti[1]
Jovenel Moïse
Kelly Craft poses a photo with Haitian President Moise (cropped).jpg
(2017–2021)
21 Jean-henry céant 2019.png Jean-Henry Céant
(born 1956)
17 September 2018 21 March 2019 185 days Independent
Jean-Michel Lapin Premier ministre.jpg Jean-Michel Lapin
(born 1967)
21 March 2019 4 March 2020 349 days Independent
22 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Joseph Jouthe
(born 1961)
4 March 2020 13 April 2021 1 year, 40 days Independent
Claude Joseph, chancelier haïtien en 2020 (cropped 4x3).jpg Claude Joseph
(born 1960)
14 April 2021 20 July 2021 97 days Independent
23 Ariel Henry conference.jpg Ariel Henry
(born 1949)
20 July 2021 Incumbent 1 year, 193 days Inite Ariel Henry
Ariel Henry conference.jpg
(2021–)
  1. Deposed in the June 1988 coup d'état
  2. Deposed in the 1991 coup d'état
  3. Deposed in the 2004 coup d'état

References[change | change source]

  1. "Haitian Lawmakers Confirm Lafontant as Prime Minister". VOA Creole Service. March 21, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2017.