Prime Minister of Haiti

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Prime Minister of Haiti
Premier ministre d'Haïti
Premye Minis Ayiti
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
Flag of Haiti.svg
Incumbent
Joseph Jouthe

since 4 March 2020
StyleHis/Her Excellency
Member ofCouncil of Ministers
AppointerJovenel Moïse,
as President of Haiti
Inaugural holderMartial Célestin
Formation9 February 1988
Website[1]

The prime minister of Haiti (French: Premier ministre d'Haïti, Haitian Creole: Premye Minis Ayiti) is the head of government of Haiti. The office was created under the 1987 Constitution. Before all executive power was held by the president or head of state, who appointed and chaired the Council of Ministers.

List[change | change source]

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party Legislature
(Election)
President
(Term)
1 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Martial Célestin
(1913–2011)
9 February 1988 20 June 1988[a] Independent I (1988) Leslie Manigat
Leslie Manigat, 16 juin 1988.png
(1988)
2 Rene Preval.jpg René Préval
(1943–2017)
13 February 1991 11 October 1991[b] Lavalas Political Organization II (1990–91) Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg
(1991)
3 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jean-Jacques Honorat
(born 1931)
11 October 1991 19 June 1992 Independent Joseph Nérette
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
(1991–1992)
4 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Marc Bazin
(1932–2010)
19 June 1992 30 August 1993 Movement for the Instauration of Democracy in Haiti Marc Bazin
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
(1992–1993)
5 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Robert Malval
(born 1943)
30 August 1993 8 November 1994 Independent III (1993) Émile Jonassaint
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
(1993–1994)
6 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Smarck Michel
(1937–2012)
8 November 1994 7 November 1995 Lavalas Political Organization Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg
(1994–1996)
7 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Claudette Werleigh
(born 1946)
7 November 1995 27 February 1996 Lavalas Political Organization IV (1995)
8 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Rosny Smarth
(born 1940)
27 February 1996 20 October 1997 Lavalas Political Organization René Préval
Rene Preval.jpg
(1996–2001)
Vacant
9 Jacques-Édouard Alexis.jpg Jacques-Édouard Alexis
(born 1947)
26 March 1999 2 March 2001 Fanmi Lavalas V (1997)
10 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jean Marie Chérestal
(born 1947)
2 March 2001 15 March 2002 Fanmi Lavalas VI (2000) Jean-Bertrand Aristide
Clinton&Aristide-2.jpg
(2001–2004)
11 Yvon Neptune.jpg Yvon Neptune
(born 1946)
15 March 2002 12 March 2004[c] Fanmi Lavalas
12 Latortue.jpg Gérard Latortue
(born 1934)
12 March 2004 9 June 2006 Independent Boniface Alexandre
Boniface Alexandre.jpg
(2004–2006)
(9) Jacques-Édouard Alexis.jpg Jacques-Édouard Alexis
(born 1947)
9 June 2006 5 September 2008 Lespwa VII (2006) René Préval
Rene Preval.jpg
(2006–2011)
13 Michèle Pierre-Louis-2009 (2).jpg Michèle Pierre-Louis
(born 1947)
5 September 2008 11 November 2009 Independent
14 Jen-Max Bellerive.jpg Jean-Max Bellerive
(born 1958)
11 November 2009 18 October 2011 Lespwa
15 Garry Conille 2012.jpg Garry Conille
(born 1966)
18 October 2011 16 May 2012 Independent VIII (2010–11) Michel Martelly
Michel Martelly on April 20, 2011.jpg
(2011–2016)
16 Laurent Lamothe in 2012.jpg Laurent Lamothe
(born 1972)
16 May 2012 20 December 2014 Independent
-
(Acting)
Florence Duperval Guillaume.JPG Florence Duperval Guillaume
(born 19–)
20 December 2014 16 January 2015 Independent
17 EvansPaul.jpg Evans Paul
(born 1955)
16 January 2015 26 February 2016 Democratic Alliance Party
18 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Fritz Jean
(born 1953)
26 February 2016 28 March 2016 Inite IX (2015–16) Jocelerme Privert
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
(2016–2017)
19 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Enex Jean-Charles
(born 1960)
28 March 2016 21 March 2017 Independent
20 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jack Guy Lafontant
(born 1961)
21 March 2017 17 September 2018 Democratic Movement of Haiti –
Democratic Rally of Haiti[1]
Jovenel Moïse
Jovenel Moise.jpg
(2017–present)
21 Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jean-Henry Céant
(born 1956)
17 September 2018 21 March 2019 Independent
-
(Acting)
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg Jean-Michel Lapin
(born 19–)
21 March 2019 4 March 2020 Independent
22 Joseph Jouthe
(born 1961)
4 March 2020 incumbent Independent

Notes[change | change source]

  1. Deposed in the June 1988 coup d'état
  2. Deposed in the 1991 coup d'état
  3. Deposed in the 2004 coup d'état

References[change | change source]

  1. "Haitian Lawmakers Confirm Lafontant as Prime Minister". VOA Creole Service. March 21, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2017.