|Prime Minister of |
the Portuguese Republic
da República Portuguesa
|Member of||Council of State|
Council of Ministers
|Residence||São Bento Mansion|
|Appointer||President of Portugal|
|Term length||Four years (Parliament can be dissolved sooner);|
No term limits.
|Constituting instrument||Constitution of the|
|Inaugural holder||Pedro de Sousa Holstein, Marquess of Palmela|
|Formation||24 September 1834|
Duties[change | change source]
As head of government, the Prime Minister coordinates the actions of ministers, represents the Government of Portugal to the other bodies of state, is accountable to Parliament and keeps the President informed. The Prime Minister can hold the role of head of government with the portfolio of one or more ministries.
Appointment[change | change source]
There is no limit to the number of terms a person can serve as Prime Minister. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic.
List of prime ministers[change | change source]
Portuguese prime ministers of the Third Portuguese Republic:
- 1st Mário Soares (two terms);
- 2nd Alfredo Nobre da Costa;
- 3rd Carlos Mota Pinto;
- 4th Maria de Lourdes Pintasilgo;
- 5th Francisco de Sá Carneiro;
- (interim) Diogo Freitas do Amaral – Deputy Prime Minister;
- 6th Francisco Pinto Balsemão;
- 1st Mário Soares (third term);
- 7th Aníbal Cavaco Silva (three terms);
- 8th António Guterres (two terms);
- 9th José Manuel Barroso;
- 10th Pedro Santana Lopes;
- 11th José Sócrates (two terms);
- 12th Passos Coelho (two terms);
- 13th António Costa
Living former prime ministers[change | change source]
As of December 2023, there are seven living former prime ministers of Portugal, as seen below.
Francisco Pinto Balsemão
born 1937 (age 86)
Aníbal Cavaco Silva
born 1939 (age 84)
born 1949 (age 74)
José Manuel Barroso
born 1956 (age 67)
Pedro Santana Lopes
born 1956 (age 67)
born 1957 (age 66)
Pedro Passos Coelho
born 1964 (age 59)
The most recent Prime Minister to die was Diogo Freitas do Amaral (served 4 December 1980 – 9 January 1981), on 3 October 2019, aged 78.
References[change | change source]
- United Nations Protocol and Liaison Service Public List: Heads of State – Heads of Government – Ministers For Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 14 October 2016.
- Miguel Santos (23 September 2015). "E agora um tema sensível: os políticos são mal pagos?". Observador (in Portuguese). Lisbon. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
O mesmo se aplica ao primeiro-ministro: este ano, Pedro Passos Coelho recebe um salário mensal de 5.001,68 euros brutos, menos 12% do que recebia em 2010, antes dos cortes.
Other websites[change | change source]