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La Régence
Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Orléans
In office
1 September 1715 – 15 February 1723
MonarchLouis XV of France
Prime MinisterGuillaume Dubois (in 1723)

The Régence (French pronunciation: ​[ʁeʒɑ̃s], Regency) refers to a time between 1715 and 1723, when King Louis XV was a minor and France was governed by Philippe d'Orléans, a nephew of Louis XIV o France, as Regent of the Kingdom. In French the period is also called le Régence de Philippe'Orléans.

Contemporary European rulers included Philip V of Spain, John V of Portugal, George I of Great Britain, Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor (faither o Empress Maria Theresa) and Victor Amadeus II of Sardinia, the maternal grandfather of King Louis XV.

Chronology[change | change source]

1714[change | change source]

1715[change | change source]

  • 1 September 1715: Louis XIV dies, his will entrusts the government of France to a regency council, with Philippe d'Orléans, Duke o Orléans aa honorary president and the Duke of Maine as the real power, until the young Louis o Fraunce, Duke o Anjou reaches his majority (1723)
  • 2 September 1715: the Duke of Orléans allies himself with the Parlement de Paris, who cancelled Louis XIV's will. As a Prince of the Bluid, Philippe o Orléans haed been a member o the Parlement.
  • 9 September: Body o Louis XIV taken to Saunt Denis; Louis XV sets off for Vincennes with the Regent, Madame de Ventadour, Villeroy, Toulouse and Maine; Philip V of Spain hears of his grandfaither's daith;
  • 12 September: Philippe d'Orléans recognised Regent bi order of the Parlement;
  • 15 September: Parlement claims the Droit de remontrance, the right to revoke a law made bi a Keeng who haed died, further supporting the Regent's claim tae power.
  • 1 October 1715: Polysynody was held in Paris; it was composed of the highest nobility o the country.
  • 30 December: Removal o Louis XV from the Château de Vincennes to the Tuileries Palace;
  • Louis XV put under the care o François de Neufville, Duke o Villeroy; Guillaume Delisle an the Cardinal de Fleury are put in charge of Louis' education.

1716[change | change source]

  • 14 Mairch: Creation o the Chambre Ardente; an extraordinary court of justice in France, mainly held for the trials o heretics;
  • 2 Mey: Philippe d'Orléans allows John Law tae found the Banque générale;[1]
  • 27 Jin: Birth o Mademoiselle de Chartres at the Palais Royal; she wis the last child o the Regent;
  • 9/10 October: Alliance with Great Britain;

1717[change | change source]

1718[change | change source]

1719[change | change source]

1720[change | change source]

1721[change | change source]

1722[change | change source]

1723[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Nevin, Seamus (2013). "Richard cantillon – The Faither o Economics". History Ireland. 21 (2): 20–23. JSTOR 41827152.