Ranoidea (genus)

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Litoria aurea green2.jpg
Ranoidea aurea, the type species
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Amphibia
Order: Anura
Family: Pelodryadidae
Subfamily: Pelodryadinae
Genus: Ranoidea
Tschudi, 1838
Type species
Ranoidea jacksoniensis
Tschudi, 1838
  • Dryopsophus Fitzinger, 1843
  • Euscelis Fitzinger, 1843
  • Pelodryas Günther, 1859 "1858"
  • Cyclorana Steindachner, 1867
  • Phractops Peters, 1867
  • Chirodryas Keferstein, 1867
  • Mitrolysis Cope, 1889
  • Fanchonia Werner, 1893
  • Brendanura Wells and Wellington, 1985
  • Neophractops Wells and Wellington, 1985
  • Mosleyia Wells and Wellington, 1985

Ranoidea is a genus of frogs in the subfamily Pelodryadinae. They live in Australia, New Guinea, the Maluku Islands, and the Louisiade Archipelago.[1] Scientists still disagree with each other about whether Ranoidea should be its own genus or not and which frogs should be in it. Many of the frogs in Ranoidea used to be in Litoria, Dryopsophus, or Hyla. In 2016, one team of scientists wrote a paper saying Litoria should be divided up into other genuses. Many other amphibian scientists read it and agreed, but some did not.[1][2] One reason for this was that not all of the frogs in Litoria had been studied on the DNA level.[3][4][5][6][7]

Description and ecology[change | change source]

All frogs in Ranoidea have side-to-side pupils that open up-and-down and no coloring in their eyelid membrane. Many species have tadpoles that swim in mountain streams and have very large mouths on the undersides of their bodies.[2]

Species[change | change source]

The following species are or were recognized in the genus Ranoidea:[1]

Scientists also think the Papua big-eyed tree frog (Van Kampen, 1909) might be in Ranoidea but they want to collect more data about where the frog lives first.

References[change | change source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Frost, Darrel R. (2018). "Ranoidea Tschudi, 1838". Amphibian Species of the World: an Online Reference. Version 6.0. American Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 18 June 2018.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Duellman, William E.; Marion, Angela B. & Hedges, S. Blair (19 April 2016). "Phylogenetics, classification, and biogeography of the treefrogs (Amphibia: Anura: Arboranae)". Zootaxa. 4104 (1): 1–109. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.4104.1.1. PMID 27394762.
  3. Simmons, M.P. 2012. Misleading results of likelihood‐based phylogenetic analyses in the presence of missing data. Cladistics 28(2): 208-222. DOI: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2011.00375.x)
  4. Dunn, K.A., McEachran, J.D., & Honeycutt, R.L. 2003. Molecular phylogenetics of myliobatiform fishes (Chondrichthyes: Myliobatiformes), with comments on the effects of missing data on parsimony and likelihood. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 27(2): 259-270. DOI: 10.1016/S1055-7903(02)00442-6
  5. Kearney, M. 2002. Fragmentary taxa, missing data, and ambiguity: mistaken assumptions and conclusions. Systematic biology 51(2): 369-381. DOI:10.1080/10635150252899824
  6. Xi, Z., Liu, L., & Davis, C.C. 2016. The impact of missing data on species tree estimation. Molecular Biology and Evolution 33(3): 838-860. DOI: 10.1093/molbev/msv266
  7. McDonald, K.R., Rowley, J.J., Richards, S.J., & Frankham, G.J. (2016). A new species of treefrog (Litoria) from Cape York Peninsula, Australia. Zootaxa 4171(1): 153-169. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4171.1.6