Pacific Ring of Fire

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The pacific ring of fire
Eruption of Mount St. Helens on July 22, 1980.

The Pacific Ring of Fire is an arc around the Pacific Ocean where many volcanoes and earthquakes are formed. About three quarters of the world's dormant volcanos and active volcanos are here. The ring is 40,000km long, and there are 452 volcanoes.[1]

About 90%[2] of the world's earthquakes and 81%[3] of the world's largest earthquakes occur along the Ring of Fire. The next most seismic region (5–6% of earthquakes and 17%[3] of the world's largest earthquakes) is the Alpide belt, which extends from Java to Sumatra through the Himalayas, the Mediterranean, and out into the Atlantic. The Mid-Atlantic Ridge is the third most prominent earthquake belt.[4][5]

The Ring of Fire is a direct result of plate tectonics and the movement and collisions of crustal plates.[6]

Volcanoes[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Ring of Fire - Pacific Ring of Fire". Geography.about.com. 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2010-11-01. 
  2. "Earthquake Glossary". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Earthquake Facts & Earthquake Fantasy". earthquake.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2017-11-01. 
  4. U.S. Geological Survey Earthquakes FAQ.
  5. U.S. Geological Survey Earthquakes Visual Glossary.
  6. Moving slabs [This dynamic Earth, USGS].
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 United States Geologic Survey (USGS), "Decade Volcanoes". Retrieved 2012-6-15.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named rosenberg.
  9. Costa Rica National Parks, "Irazu Volcano National Park". Retrieved 2012-6-15.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 USGS, "Deadliest Volcanic Eruptions Since 1500 A.D.". Retrieved 2012-6-15. Archived 28 March 2012 at WebCite
  11. Malahoff, Alexander. "Loihi Submarine Volcano: A unique, natural extremophile laboratory," National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), December 18, 2000. Retrieved 2012-6-15. Archived 9 April 2012 at WebCite
  12. USGS, "Mount Baker—Living with an Active Volcano," May 25, 2005. Retrieved 2012-6-15. Archived 7 May 2011 at WebCite
  13. Geological Survey of Japan, "Active Volcanoes in Japan". Retrieved 2012-6-14.
  14. USGS, "Mount Hood—History and Hazards of Oregon's Most Recently Active Volcano," May 27, 2010. Retrieved 2012-6-15.
  15. "Villagers flee biggest Mt Merapi eruption yet," The Guardian (UK). June 8, 2006. Retrieved 2012-6-15.
  16. US National Park Service (NPS), "Mount Rainier". Retrieved 2012-6-15.
  17. 17.0 17.1 UNESCO, "Hawaii Volcanoes National Park". Retrieved 2012-6-14.
  18. 18.0 18.1 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named ball.
  19. Global Volcanism Program (GVP), "Sakura-jima". Retrieved 2012-6-15.
  20. McGuire, Bill. "In the shadow of the volcano," The Guardian,15 October 2003. Retrieved 2012-6-15.