In the Hebrew Bible, or Tanakh, the root Sh-B-T is used to describe God resting on the seventh day. This is the day after He finished creating the universe. In the Bible, the idea of Shabbat, or Sabbath, as a holy day of rest starts there.
Remembering and keeping Sabbath is also one of the Ten Commandments. From that, the Abrahamic religions (Judaism, Christianity and Islam) all have a tradition of a holy day of rest or prayer set aside every week. These days are now very different from each other. The days of rest and prayer include:
- Shabbat, or Shabbath in Judaism. It lasts from sunset on Friday until the appearance of three stars in the sky on Saturday night.
- Sabbath in Christianity. Most Christians observe Sabbath on Sunday rather than Saturday. Some Christians, like Seventh-day Adventists, observe Sabbath on Saturday.
- Jumu'ah in Islam. This is a communal prayer that Muslims hold every Friday, just after noon.
Similar ideas[change | change source]
- Different rituals of people called witches have been called Witches' Sabbath.
- A sabbatical is a paid break or rest from work.
- Kazimierz Sabbat (1913-1989) was a Polish politician
References[change | change source]
- Genesis 2:1-3
- Some scholars believe that the writers of the Bible got the idea of the Sabbath from the Babylonians. See, for example, Craveri, Marcello (1967). The Life of Jesus. Grove Press. p. 134. ASIN B00DLK4P48.
- Exodus 20:7-10 and Deuteronomy 5:11-14. Some translations have different verse numbers.