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Tanakh is a three-letter Hebrew acronym for the sections of the "Hebrew Bible", for which the term serves as a synonym. The tanakh is essentially the same set of texts that Christians refer to as the "Old Testament".
The three sections are:
- The Torah (Hebrew for "law" or "teaching") also known as the pentateuch or "the five books of Moses" (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).
- The Nevi'im (Hebrew for "prophets") contains the books of the Hebrew prophets, including Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the "minor" prophets.
- The Ketuvim (Hebrew for "writings") includes the Psalms, Proverbs, Job, and other books not considered prophetic.
The tanakh takes its name from the first (Hebrew) letter of each of these sections. In English, the word is sometimes spelled TANAKH, TaNaKh, tenakh, tanach, or tenak.