From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Part of a series on
Star of David.svg Lukhot Habrit.svg Menora.svg
Jewish religious movements

Orthodox (Haredi • Hasidic • Modern)

Conservative • Reform

Reconstructionist • Renewal • Humanistic

Jewish philosophy

Principles of faith • Kabbalah • Messiah • Ethics

Chosenness • Names of God • Musar

Religious texts

Tanakh (Torah • Nevi'im • Ketuvim)

Ḥumash • Siddur • Piyutim • Zohar

Rabbinic literature (Talmud • Midrash • Tosefta)

Religious Law

Mishneh Torah • Tur

Shulchan Aruch • Mishnah Berurah

Kashrut • Tzniut • Tzedakah • Niddah • Noahide laws

Holy cities

Jerusalem • Safed • Hebron • Tiberias

Important figures

Abraham • Isaac • Jacob

Moses • Aaron • David • Solomon

Sarah • Rebecca • Rachel  • Leah

Rabbinic sages
Jewish life cycle

Brit • Pidyon haben • Bar/Bat Mitzvah

Marriage • Bereavement

Religious roles

Rabbi • Rebbe • Posek • Hazzan/Cantor

Dayan • Rosh yeshiva • Mohel • Kohen/Priest

Religious buildings & institutions

Synagogue • Beth midrash • Mikveh

Sukkah • Chevra kadisha

Holy Temple / Tabernacle

Jewish education

Yeshiva • Kollel • Cheder

Religious articles

Sefer Torah • Tallit • Tefillin • Tzitzit • Kippah

Mezuzah • Hanukiah/Menorah • Shofar

4 Species • Kittel • Gartel

Jewish prayers and services

Shema • Amidah • Aleinu • Kaddish • Minyan

Birkat Hamazon • Shehecheyanu • Hallel

Havdalah • Tachanun • Kol Nidre • Selichot

Judaism & other religions

Christianity • Islam • Judeo-Christian

Abrahamic faiths
Related topics

Antisemitism • The Holocaust • Israel • Zionism

The Tanakh in traditional scroll form.

Tanakh is a three-letter Hebrew acronym for the sections of the "Hebrew Bible", for which the term serves as a synonym. The tanakh is essentially the same set of texts that Christians refer to as the "Old Testament".

The three sections are:

  1. The Torah (Hebrew for "law" or "teaching") also known as the pentateuch or "the five books of Moses" (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).
  2. The Nevi'im (Hebrew for "prophets") contains the books of the Hebrew prophets, including Joshua, Judges, Samuel, Kings, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and the "minor" prophets.
  3. The Ketuvim (Hebrew for "writings") includes the Psalms, Proverbs, Job, and other books not considered prophetic.

The tanakh takes its name from the first (Hebrew) letter of each of these sections. In English, the word is sometimes spelled TANAKH, TaNaKh, tenakh, tanach, or tenak.