Shulchan Aruch

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Part of a series on
Star of David.svg Lukhot Habrit.svg Menora.svg
Jewish religious movements

Orthodox (Haredi • Hasidic • Modern)

Conservative • Reform

Reconstructionist • Renewal • Humanistic

Jewish philosophy

Principles of faith • Kabbalah • Messiah • Ethics

Chosenness • Names of God • Musar

Religious texts

Tanakh (Torah • Nevi'im • Ketuvim)

Ḥumash • Siddur • Piyutim • Zohar

Rabbinic literature (Talmud • Midrash • Tosefta)

Religious Law

Mishneh Torah • Tur

Shulchan Aruch • Mishnah Berurah

Kashrut • Tzniut • Tzedakah • Niddah • Noahide laws

Holy cities

Jerusalem • Safed • Hebron • Tiberias

Important figures

Abraham • Isaac • Jacob

Moses • Aaron • David • Solomon

Sarah • Rebecca • Rachel  • Leah

Rabbinic sages
Jewish life cycle

Brit • Pidyon haben • Bar/Bat Mitzvah

Marriage • Bereavement

Religious roles

Rabbi • Rebbe • Posek • Hazzan/Cantor

Dayan • Rosh yeshiva • Mohel • Kohen/Priest

Religious buildings & institutions

Synagogue • Beth midrash • Mikveh

Sukkah • Chevra kadisha

Holy Temple / Tabernacle

Jewish education

Yeshiva • Kollel • Cheder

Religious articles

Sefer Torah • Tallit • Tefillin • Tzitzit • Kippah

Mezuzah • Hanukiah/Menorah • Shofar

4 Species • Kittel • Gartel

Jewish prayers and services

Shema • Amidah • Aleinu • Kaddish • Minyan

Birkat Hamazon • Shehecheyanu • Hallel

Havdalah • Tachanun • Kol Nidre • Selichot

Judaism & other religions

Christianity • Islam • Judeo-Christian

Abrahamic faiths
Related topics

Antisemitism • The Holocaust • Israel • Zionism

The Shulchan Aruch (Hebrew: שׁוּלחָן עָרוּך, literally: "Set Table") is a compilation of Jewish law, or halakha. It was written by Rabbi Yosef Karo in 1563 in Tzfat (Safed), a city in the Galilee region of what is now Israel. It was published in Venice two years later.[1] Rabbi Karo was a Sephardi Jew. His Shulchan Aruch provided a summary of Jewish law from the Torah and Talmud as understood by Sephardi Jews.

A few years later, a Polish Rabbi, Moses Isserles, wrote a commentary on the Shulchan Aruch called the mappah (literally: "tablecloth"). Rabbi Isserles's commentary provided a summary of Jewish law as understood by Ashkenazi Jews.

Since 1578, copies of the Shulchan Aruch have almost always included Rabbi Isserles's commentary. Today, the name "Shulchan Aruch" usually means both Karo's work and Isserles's work together. This combined Shulchan Aruch is the most widely accepted book of practical Jewish law in the world.[2]

References[change | change source]

  1. Codex Judaica, Mattis Kantor 2005
  2. Public Domain Singer, Isidore; et al., eds. (1901–1906). "Caro, Joseph Ben Ephraim". The Jewish Encyclopedia. New York: Funk & Wagnalls.