Shriver in 1961
|21st United States Ambassador to France|
April 22, 1968 – March 25, 1970
|Nominated by||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Preceded by||Charles E. Bohlen|
|Succeeded by||Arthur K. Watson|
|1st Director of the OEO|
October 17, 1964 – March 22, 1968
|President||Lyndon B. Johnson|
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||Bertrand Harding|
|1st Director of the Peace Corps|
March 22, 1961 – February 28, 1966
|President||John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||Jack Vaughn|
|Born||Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr.
November 9, 1915
Westminster, Maryland, U.S.
|Died||January 18, 2011
Bethesda, Maryland, U.S.
|Spouse(s)||Eunice Kennedy Shriver (m. 1953–2009, her death)|
|Relations||Arnold Schwarzenegger (son-in-law)|
|Children||Robert Sargent Shriver III
Maria Owings Shriver
Timothy Perry Shriver
Mark Kennedy Shriver
Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver
|Parents||Robert Sargent Shriver, Sr. and Hilda Shriver|
|Alma mater||Yale University
Yale Law School
|Awards||World War II Victory Medal, Purple Heart, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1941–1945|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
Robert Sargent Shriver, Jr. (November 9, 1915 – January 18, 2011) was an American politician who was the first director of the Peace Corps from 1961 until 1966, then he was the first director of the OEO from 1964 until 1968, and was the 21st ambassador to France from 1968 until 1970.
Early life[change | change source]
Shriver was born in Westminster, Maryland on November 9, 1915 and was educated at Yale University and at Yale Law School. He had served in the army during World War II from 1941 through 1945 and was awarded a Purple Heart for his wounds during the war.
Career[change | change source]
Shriver founded many social programs and organizations, including Head Start, VISTA, Job Corps, Community Action, Upward Bound, Foster Grandparents, Legal Services, the National Clearinghouse for Legal Services (now the Shriver Center), Indian and Migrant Opportunities and Neighborhood Health Services, in addition to directing the Peace Corps. He was active in Special Olympics, founded by his wife Eunice.
Shriver was awarded the Pacem in Terris Peace and Freedom Award in 1967. It was named after a 1963 encyclical letter by Pope John XXIII that calls upon all people of good will to secure peace among all nations. Pacem in terris is Latin for 'Peace on Earth'.
Shriver served as U.S. Ambassador to France from 1968 to 1970, becoming a quasi-celebrity among the French for bringing what Time magazine called "a rare and welcome panache" to the normally sedate world of international diplomacy.
Personal life[change | change source]
In 1953 Shriver married Eunice Kennedy (the sister of John F. Kennedy) and together they had 5 children; Robert Sargent Shriver III, Maria Shriver (the wife of Arnold Schwarzenegger), Timothy Peter Shriver, Mark Kennedy Shriver, and Anthony Paul Kennedy Shriver. Shriver's wife of 56 years Eunice Kennedy Shriver died on August 11, 2009 from a stroke, two weeks later his brother-in-law Ted Kennedy died on August 25, 2009 from brain cancer.
Health and death[change | change source]
In 2003 Shriver was diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease and has began to loose his memory and could not even name his own wife because of the disease. His daughter Maria Shriver wrote a children's book based on the disease.
References[change | change source]
- Past Directors.
- Herbert, Bob (April 23, 2004). "A Muscular Idealism". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9B03E5D9143AF930A15757C0A9629C8B63. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
- "The New Nominee No Longer Half a Kennedy". Time. August 14, 1972. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,906202-1,00.html. Retrieved September 27, 2008.
- "Head Start History: 1965-Present". Pennsylvania Head Start Association. http://www.paheadstart.org/UserFiles/File/General_History.pdf. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
- "Diplomacy: The Liveliest Ambassador". Time. November 1, 1968. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,839591,00.html. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
- Grinberg, Emanuella (undated). "Eunice Kennedy Shriver dies". Edition.cnn.com. http://edition.cnn.com/2009/POLITICS/08/11/eunice.kennedy.shriver/. Retrieved August 11, 2009.
- "Ted Kennedy Dies of Brain Cancer at Age 77". ABC News. August 26, 2009. http://abcnews.go.com/Politics/TedKennedy/story?id=6692022. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- Shriver, Maria (April 28, 2004). What's Happening to Grandpa?. Little, Brown Young Readers. ISBN 978-0-316-00101-4.
- McFadden, Robert D. (January 18, 2011). "R. Sargent Shriver, Peace Corps Leader, Dies at 95". The New York Times. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/01/19/us/politics/19shriver.html. Retrieved January 18, 2011.
Other websites[change | change source]
- "American Idealist: The Story of Sargent Shriver", PBS
- Ancestor David Shriver
- FBI file on Sargent Shriver
- Life With Sargent Shriver - slideshow by Life
- Sargent Shriver
- Sargent Shriver National Center on Poverty Law
- The Shriver Center
- Video: Sargent Shriver delivering a speech about the Peace Corps in 1965
- Works by or about Sargent Shriver in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Sargent Shriver at Find a Grave