Second Spanish Republic

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Spanish Republic
República Española
1931–1939
Flag of Second Spanish Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of Second Spanish Republic
Coat of arms
Motto: Plus Ultra (Latin)
Further Beyond
Anthem: Himno de Riego
Anthem of Riego
European borders of the Second Spanish Republic, as well as the Spanish protectorate in Morocco
European borders of the Second Spanish Republic, as well as the Spanish protectorate in Morocco
Capital
and largest city
Madrid[a]
Official languagesSpanish[b]
GovernmentUnitary semi-presidential republic[1]
President 
• 1931–1936
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
• 1936 (interim)
Diego Martínez Barrio
• 1936–1939
Manuel Azaña
Prime Minister 
• 1931 (first)
Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
• 1937–1939 (last)
Juan Negrín López
LegislatureCongress of Deputies
Historical eraInterwar period
14 April 1931
9 December 1931
5-19 October 1934
17 July 1936
1 April 1939
CurrencySpanish peseta
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Spain
Spanish State
Spanish Republican
Government-in-Exile
  1. In wartime, as Madrid was under siege since the Fall of 1936, Government moved to Valencia in 1936 and to Barcelona in 1937.
  2. Catalan was also official in Catalonia since 1932 as well as Basque in the Basque Country since 1936.

The Spanish Republic (Spanish: República Española), commonly known as the Second Spanish Republic (Spanish: Segunda República Española), was the government in Spain from 1931 to 1939. The Republic was proclaimed on 14 April 1931 and was dissolved on 1 April 1939.

References[change | change source]