St. Augustine, Florida

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St. Augustine
San Agustín  (Spanish)
City
City of St. Augustine
Top, left to right: Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine Light, Flagler College, Lightner Museum, statue near the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine, St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park, Old St. Johns County Jail
Top, left to right: Castillo de San Marcos, St. Augustine Light, Flagler College, Lightner Museum, statue near the Cathedral Basilica of St. Augustine, St. Augustine Alligator Farm Zoological Park, Old St. Johns County Jail
Coat of arms of St. Augustine
Coat of arms
Nickname(s): Ancient City, Old City
Location in St. Johns County and the U.S. state of Florida
Location in St. Johns County and the U.S. state of Florida
St. Augustine is located in USA
St. Augustine
St. Augustine
Coordinates: 29°53′41″N 81°18′52″W / 29.89472°N 81.31444°W / 29.89472; -81.31444Coordinates: 29°53′41″N 81°18′52″W / 29.89472°N 81.31444°W / 29.89472; -81.31444[1]
Country  United States of America
State  Florida
County Flag of St. Johns County, Florida.png St. Johns
Established September 1565
Founded by Pedro Menéndez de Avilés
Government
 • Type Commission–Manager
 • Mayor Nancy Shaver
Area[1]
 • City 12.7 sq mi (33 km2)
 • Land 9.4 sq mi (24 km2)
 • Water 3.3 sq mi (9 km2)
Elevation[2] 0 ft (0 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City 12,975
 • Estimate (2013)[4] 13,679
 • Density 1,376.2/sq mi (531.4/km2)
 • Urban 69,173 (US: 399th)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code(s) 32080, 32084, 32085, 32086, 32095, 32082, 32092
Area code(s) 904
FIPS code 12-62500[5]
GNIS feature ID 0308101[2]
Website City of St. Augustine

St. Augustine is the oldest city in the United States begun by Europeans and filled with people since it was started. The admiral from Spain, Pedro Menéndez de Avilés, started St. Augustine in 1565. There was fighting between England and Spain in 1586, 1702, and 1740 over the city. Spain won each time. In 1763, St. Augustine was given to the English as part of the Treaty of Paris which ended the French and Indian War. After the American colonies became independent from England, another Treaty of Paris, this one in 1783, returned the area to Spain. In 1819, the Adams-Onís Treaty gave all of Florida to the United States.

The largest sign of the years under Spain is the Castillo de San Marcos, a large masonry fort built between 1672 and 1695. This fort still stands.

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