Tahrir al-Sham

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Flag of Ahrar al-Sham subgroup in HTS
Flag of Jaysh al-Sham subgroup in HTS
Flag of the Ansar al-Din front, subgroup in HTS
Flag of the Al-Nusra front, who are the main founders of HTS

Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham (HTS; Arabic: هيئة تحرير الشام) is a Salafist Jihadist militant group that fights in the Syrian Civil War. The group was formed as a combination of Ahrar al-Sham,[1] Al-Nusra Front, Ansar al-Din Front, Jaysh al-Islam, Liwa al-Haqq, and Nour al-Din al-Zenki Movement.[2] The combination was helped by Abu Jaber Shaykh, the second emir of Ahrar al-Sham. The group is allegedly linked to Al-Qaeda according to the European Union and the United States of America.[3][4] The group is designated a terrorist group by Turkey,[5] United States,[6] Morocco,[7] Australia,[8] Canada,[9] European Union,[10] United Kingdom,[10] Saudi Arabia,[10] United Nations,[10] Russia,[11] and Iran.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. "Hay'at Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) Controls Jund Allah Jihadi Group Amid Reports That Ahrar Al-Sham Pledged Allegiance To HTS". MEMRI. Retrieved 2024-02-13.
  2. Mona Alami (6 December 2017). "Syria's Largest Militant Alliance Steps Further Away From Al-Qaeda". Syria Deply. Archived from the original on 15 February 2019. Retrieved 19 December 2018.
  3. University, © Stanford; Stanford; California 94305. "MMP: Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham". cisac.fsi.stanford.edu. Retrieved 2024-01-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  4. Tsurkov, Elizabeth (2020-11-10). "Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (Syria)". ECFR. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  5. "Turkey designates Tahrir al-Sham a terrorist group | Reuters". Retrieved 2024/1/6. {{cite web}}: Check date values in: |access-date= (help)CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. "National Counterterrorism Center | FTOs". www.dni.gov. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  7. "Documents: voici la nouvelle liste des individus et des entités classés terroristes par le Maroc , H24info". https://www.h24info.ma/ (in French). 2022-05-12. Retrieved 2024-01-06. {{cite web}}: External link in |website= (help)
  8. "Hay'at Tahrir al-Sham". Retrieved 2024-01-06.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. Canada, Public Safety (2018-12-21). "Currently listed entities". www.publicsafety.gc.ca. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 "1.3. Anti-government armed groups". European Union Agency for Asylum. Retrieved 2024-01-06.
  11. tass.com https://tass.com/society/1430769. Retrieved 2024-01-06. {{cite web}}: Missing or empty |title= (help)
  12. "Examining Extremism: Hayat Tahrir Al-Sham (HTS) | Examining Extremism | CSIS". www.csis.org. Retrieved 2024-01-06.