The Taj Mahal is a tomb built in the 17th century by the Mughal king Shah Jahan in memory of his wife, Mumtaz Mahal. She was his 3rd wife. Eventually, Shah Jahan was entombed in the Taj Mahal with his wife.
Construction[change | change source]
The Taj Mahal was constructed with materials from all over the world, and over 20,000 people were used to move building materials. It is generally thought that Ustad Ahmad Lahauri was in charge of the construction. The construction was finished in 1653.
Threats[change | change source]
Many people think it is one of the most beautiful buildings ever built. However, it is slowly being damaged by acid rain. A nearby oil refinery has been blamed for some of the damage. In 1996, the Indian Supreme Court said that local industry was harming the Taj Mahal. The court set up an area of 10,400 square meters around the Taj Mahal called the Taj Trapezium Zone. Industries within this zone must use natural gas instead of coal.
There have also been concerns about the effect of visitors on the site. Rajan Kishore, a conservationist from Agra, has said that visitors walking through are putting too much pressure on the Taj Mahal, and suggested that the number of people allowed in be limited.
Related pages[change | change source]
References[change | change source]
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Taj Mahal|
- "Taj Mahal". World Heritage Site Convention. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/252. Retrieved 2011-03-02.
- "THE OFFICIAL NEW7WONDERS OF THE WORLD". new7wonders.com. http://www.new7wonders.com/en/the_whole_world_of_new7wonders/the_official_new_7_wonders_of_the_world/. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- UNESCO advisory body evaluation.
- Ganguly, Meenaksy (September 10, 2001). "At The Taj Mahal, Grime Amid Grandeur - TIME". time.com. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1000714-2,00.html. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- "News - Environment: India's famed Taj Mahal is losing its lustre". iol.co.za. http://www.iol.co.za/index.php?set_id=14&click_id=143&art_id=qw1118919601546B225. Retrieved April 29, 2010.
- Morley, Ian (April 11, 2007). "ArchitectureWeek - Culture - Saving the Taj Mahal - 2007.0411". architectureweek.com. http://www.architectureweek.com/2007/0411/culture_1-1.html. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- "Why is the Taj Trapezium Zone and why is it called so?". Times of India. May 4, 2008. http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2008-05-04/open-space/27763982_1_taj-mahal-monuments-world-heritage-sites. Retrieved April 2, 2011.
- Fitzpatrick, Michelle (March 8, 2011). "Tourist boom puts Asia's treasures at risk". Agence France-Presse. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/lifestyle/03/08/11/tourist-boom-puts-asias-treasures-risk. Retrieved April 2, 2011.