Turanid race

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Turanid race (also Turanoid or South Siberian race) is a word from physical anthropology that no one uses any more. In the past, anthropologists used this word to talk about people from South Siberia, called the South Siberian race[1][2][3][4][5] They did this because using old ideas about dividing humans into groups by race could make it look like Europeans colonialism was a good thing.[6]

When anthropologists first used this word, they meant people living in Central Asia and Kazakhstan. In European books, writers called it part of the Caucasian race with some "Mongoloid" mixed in.[7][8] The form with strongly bronze age Andronovo characteristics is the most ancient form of the Turanid type.[9]

Ethnic connections and subdivision[change | change source]

The Turanid race was said to be connected to Turkic peoples, Mountain Tajiks of Xinjiang (Sarikoli) and the Pamir tribes. Historically, tt was characteristic of the Onogurs, Huns, Magyars, Pechenegs, Cumans, Ancient Uyghurs, Avars, Kabars, Khazars, the Volga Bulgars (8th–9th cc.) and was one of the composite elements of the ruling strata of the Hungarians at the time of the conquest.[10][11][12][13][14][15][16] Turanoid skulls dating to the Mesolithic age were also discovered at the archaeological site of Alfalou in North Africa.[17]

In 1952, German anthropologist Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt subdivided the Turanid type as follows:[18]

Species: Homo sapiens Modern human
Subspecies I: Homines sapientes albi Europids

Series C: Homines s. albi brachimorphi Mountain race belt
Variety 4: H. s. eurasicus Turanid
a) H. s. eur. turanicus Aralid
b) H. s. eur. pamiriensis Pamirid

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Balogh, Istvan (1976). Ancient Cultures of the Uralian Peoples. Corvina Press. p. 138. ISBN 978-963-13-3019-9.
  2. Acta archaeologica Academiae Scientiarum Hungaricae. Magyar Tudományos Akadémia. 1957. p. 272.
  3. Acsadi, Gyorgy; Nemeskeri, Janos (1970). History of Human Life Span and Mortality. Akadémiai Kiadó. p. 233.
  4. Юрий Венедиктович Кнышенко. История первобытного общества (рус.). Изд-во Рост. ун-та (1973). Page 100
  5. Георгий Никитич Румянцев. Происхождение хоринских бурят (рус.). Бурятское книжное изд-во (1962). Page 119
  6. Simpson, George Eaton; Yinger, J. Milton (1985). Racial and Cultural Minorities: An Analysis of Prejudice and Discrimination. Springer US. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-306-41777-1.
  7. American anthropologist, American Anthropological Association, Anthropological Society of Washington (Washington, D.C,), 1984 v. 86, nos. 3-4, p. 741.
  8. Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt (1934). Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit. F. Enke. p. 170.
  9. Ginsburg, V.V. (1966) Enstehung der mittelasiatischen zwischenstromtipus. Homo 17. 172-190, and Ismagulov, O. (1970), Naszelenyie Kazahsztana ot epochi bronzu do szovremennosti. Alma-Atay. In: International Journal of Central Asian Studies Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine, Volume 3, 1998 Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine. ISSN 1226-4490.
  10. Laszlo, Gyula; Racz, Istvan (1984). The Treasure of Nagyszentmiklos. Corvina Kiadó. p. 171. ISBN 978-963-13-1811-1.
  11. Botos, Laszlo (1999). The Road to the Dictated Peace. Árpád Publishing Company. p. 23.
  12. Rasonyi, Laszlo (1984). Tuna kopruleri. Türk Kültürünü Araştırma Enstitüsü. p. 12.
  13. Congressus Internationalis Fenno-Ugristarum. Akadémiai Kiadó. 1968. p. 42.
  14. Dikici, Mehmet (2005). Turklerde inanclar ve din. Akçağ. p. 340. ISBN 978-975-338-688-3.
  15. Ungarische Jahrbucher. O. Harrassowitz. 1939. p. 275.
  16. Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt (1934). Rassenkunde und Rassengeschichte der Menschheit. F. Enke. pp. 169–174.
  17. Alan H. Kelso De Montigny (1954). International Anthropological and Linguistic Review. International Anthropological and Linguistic Circle. p. 20.
  18. Valjavec, Fritz (1971). Historia mundi: ein Handbuch der Weltgeschichte. University Microfilms. p. 224.
  • Leon Cahun L’histoire de l’Asie (1896).
  • Ilse Schwidetzky, Turaniden-Studien, Akademie der Wissenschaften und der Literatur, F. Steiner Verlag, Mainz, (1950).