United States House Committee on Oversight and Reform

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House Oversight Committee
Standing committee
Active
Seal of the United States House of Representatives.svg
United States House of Representatives
116th Congress
House Oversight Committee.png
History
Formed1927
Leadership
ChairCarolyn Maloney (D)
Since October 17, 2019[1]
Ranking memberVacant (R)
Since March 30, 2020
Vice chairJimmy Gomez (D)
Since December 19, 2019
Structure
Seats41
Political partiesMajority (23)
Minority (18)
Subcommittees
Website
oversight.house.gov

The Committee on Oversight and Reform is the main investigative committee of the United States House of Representatives.

The committee has broad jurisdiction and strong legislative authority, which makes it one of the most influential and powerful committees in the House. Its chairman is one of only three in the House that can make subpoenas without a committee vote or talking with the ranking member.[2] However, recently, it has become common to not make a subpoena by themselves..[3]

Carolyn Maloney (D-New York) became the acting chair of the committee after Elijah Cummings (D-Maryland) died on October 17, 2019;[4][5][6] she was elected chair a month later.[7][8]

History[change | change source]

The committee was called the Committee on Expenditures in the Executive Departments, and it was created in 1927 to combine 11 separate Committees on Expenditures that had overseen the spending of various federal departments.[9][10]

Subpoena usage[change | change source]

In 1997, the Republican majority on the committee changed its rules to allow the chairman, Dan Burton (R-Indiana), to make subpoenas without asking the committee's ranking Democrat.[11] From 1997 to 2002, Burton used this to make 1,052 subpoenas by himself. Many of those subpoenas were related to alleged misconduct by President Bill Clinton. This cost more than $35 million.[12]

Members, 116th Congress[change | change source]

Majority Minority

Sources: H.Res. 24 (Chair), H.Res. 25 (Ranking Member), H.Res. 67 (D), H.Res. 68 (R)

Subcommittees[change | change source]

The Committee on Oversight and Reform has six subcommittees.[14][15]

Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member
Civil Rights and Civil Liberties Jamie Raskin (D-MD) Chip Roy (R-TX)
Economic and Consumer Policy Raja Krishnamoorthi (D-IL) Michael Cloud (R-TX)
Environment Harley Rouda (D-CA) James Comer (R-KY)
Government Operations Gerry Connolly (D-VA) Mark Meadows (R-NC)[13]
National Security Stephen F. Lynch (D-MA) Jody Hice (R-GA)
Coronavirus Crisis (Select) Jim Clyburn (D-SC) TBD (R)

Related pages[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Acting Chair from October 17, 2019 – November 20, 2019
  2. Koempel, Michael (March 16, 2017). "A Survey of House and Senate Committee Rules on Subpoenas" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved 2017-04-25.
  3. "Cummings to Issa: Unilateral subpoenas, access to records" (PDF). January 24, 2011. Retrieved 2012-06-20.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Chiacu, Doina; Heavey, Susan (October 17, 2019). Lambert, Lisa (ed.). "Maloney to be acting House oversight chair after Cummings death". Reuters. Retrieved October 17, 2019.
  5. "Cummings Named Oversight Committee Chairman". Press release. 2019-01-04. https://oversight.house.gov/news/press-releases/cummings-named-oversight-committee-chairman. Retrieved 2019-01-11. 
  6. "Oversight and Reform Members". House Committee on Oversight and Reform. 2015-01-28. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  7. "Maloney Elected Chair of House Committee on Oversight and Reform". House Committee on Oversight and Reform. 2019-11-20. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  8. Daly, Matthew (2019-11-20). "Maloney chosen as first woman to lead House Oversight panel". WCTI-TV. Associated Press. Retrieved 2020-03-23.
  9. "House Committee on Government Reform". www.princeton.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  10. "Oversight Plan". lobby.la.psu.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  11. Green, Joshua (2018-11-07). "Republicans Weaponized the House. Now, Democrats Will Use It Against Trump". Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved 2019-03-07.
  12. Milbank, Dana (December 18, 2005). "Bush's Fumbles Spur New Talk of Oversight on Hill". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2012-06-20.
  13. 13.0 13.1 Blitzer, Ronn (2020-03-30). "Meadows to resign from Congress this afternoon, officially starts as Trump's chief of staff tomorrow". Fox News. Retrieved 2020-03-31. Rep. Mark Meadows, R-N.C., is planning to resign from Congress on Monday afternoon[, 30 March 2020,] and will begin as President Trump's new White House chief of staff Tuesday, a Meadows aide told Fox News.
  14. "Cummings Announces Subcommittee Chairs and Full Committee Vice Chair".
  15. Committee on Oversight and Reform: Subcommittees – 116th Congress

Other websites[change | change source]