Vaccine hesitancy

From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vaccine hesitancy is not supporting vaccines and the spread of conspiracy theories against vaccines. Some believe that vaccines cause more harm than good.[1][2][3][4]

"Anti-vaccinationism" is about the opposition to vaccination; in more recent years, anti-vaccinationists have been known as "anti-vaxxers" or "anti-vax".[5] Vaccine hesitancy is complex and context-specific, varying across time, place and vaccines.[6]

It can be caused by lack of proper scientifically-based knowledge and understanding about how vaccines are made or how vaccines work and psychological factors, including fear of needles or not trusting public figures and politicians. Some anti-vaxxers believe that vaccines cause autism, which is not true.[7]

References[change | change source]

  1. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health (2019). "Vaccine hesitancy: a generation at risk". The Lancet. 3 (5): 281. doi:10.1016/S2352-4642(19)30092-6. PMID 30981382. S2CID 115201206.
  2. Smith, MJ (November 2015). "Promoting Vaccine Confidence". Infectious Disease Clinics of North America (Review). 29 (4): 759–69. doi:10.1016/j.idc.2015.07.004. PMID 26337737.
  3. Larson, HJ; Jarrett, C; Eckersberger, E; Smith, DM; Paterson, P (April 2014). "Understanding vaccine hesitancy around vaccines and vaccination from a global perspective: a systematic review of published literature, 2007–2012". Vaccine. 32 (19): 2150–59. doi:10.1016/j.vaccine.2014.01.081. PMID 24598724.
  4. Cataldi, Jessica; O’Leary, Sean (2021). "Parental vaccine hesitancy: scope, causes, and potential responses". Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases. 34 (5): 519–526. doi:10.1097/QCO.0000000000000774. PMID 34524202. S2CID 237437018.
  5. Hinsliff, Gaby (16 November 2020). "It's the 'vaccine hesitant', not anti-vaxxers, who are troubling public health experts".
  6. SAGE, Working Group (1 October 2014). "Report of the SAGE working group on vaccine hesitancy" (PDF). WHO.
  7. Gerber JS, Offit PA (February 2009). "Vaccines and autism: a tale of shifting hypotheses". Clinical Infectious Diseases. 48 (4): 456–61. doi:10.1086/596476. PMC 2908388. PMID 19128068.