White nose syndrome

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White nose syndrome (WNS) is a condition which has caused many bats in the United States and Canada to die. The condition is named white nose because the affected bats have a fungus around their nose which is white. It was discovered in February 2006.

The disease was first reported in January 2007 in some New York caves.[1] It spread to other New York caves and into Vermont, Massachusetts and Connecticut[2] in 2008.[3] In early 2009 it was found in New Hampshire,[4] New Jersey, Pennsylvania.[5] West Virginia [2] In March 2010, it was found in Ontario, Canada, and Middle Tennessee.[6][7] In 2012, new cases showed up in northeastern Ohio,[8] and Acadia National Park in Maine.[9] New confirmed cases appeared in 2013 in Georgia,[10] South Carolina,[11] and Illinois.[12]

References[change | change source]

  1. Hill, Michael (2008-01-30). "Bat Deaths in NY, Vt. Baffle Experts". USA TODAY (Associated Press). Retrieved 2013-05-10.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "White Nose Syndrome; Could cave dwelling bat species become extinct in our lifetime?". Bat Conservation and Management, Inc. Archived from the original on 2009-02-25. Retrieved 2009-02-05.
  3. "Bat affliction found in Vermont and Massachusetts caves". Newsday.com. 2008-02-15. Retrieved 2008-02-20.
  4. http://www.nashuatelegraph.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20090223/NEWS02/302239991[permanent dead link]
  5. Joe Kosack (2009). "WHITE-NOSE SYNDROME SURFACES IN PENNSYLVANIA". Retrieved 2013-05-10.
  6. Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources (2010). "White Nose Syndrome Detected In Ontario Bats". Retrieved 2010-03-19.
  7. Chris Smith. "Bat in Clarksville's Dunbar Cave with deadly fungus may be migrant". The Leaf-Chronicle. Retrieved 24 March 2010.[permanent dead link]
  8. Pat Galbincea (2012-02-16). "Deadly white-nose syndrome found on bats in Cuyahoga and Geauga County parks". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved 2012-02-17.
  9. Acadia National Park News Release (2012-03-20). "Bat Disease, White-Nose Syndrome, Confirmed in Acadia National Park: Not Harmful to Humans, but Deadly to Bats" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-03-21.[permanent dead link]
  10. Georgia Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-03-12). "Disease Deadly to Bats Confirmed in Georgia". Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  11. South Carolina Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-03-11). "Bat disease white-nose syndrome confirmed in South Carolina". Retrieved 2013-03-26.
  12. Illinois Department of Natural Resources News Release (2013-02-28). "White-Nose Syndrome Confirmed in Illinois Bats" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-03-26.