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Statue of Shiva doing Yogic meditation. The statue is in Bangalore, India.

Yoga is an old discipline from India. Yoga uses breathing techniques, exercise and meditation. It claims to improve health and happiness.

Yoga is the Sanskrit word for union.

Patanjali was a pioneer of classical yoga. He defined yoga as "the cessation of the modification of the mind." (stopping changing the mind).

For example, the "sun-salutation" contains 12 poses of asanas one after the other and is said to help balance body and soul.The "sun-salutation" is popularly known as "Suryanamaskar".

History[change | change source]

The Vedic Samhitas contain references to ascetics, while ascetic practices (tapas) are referenced in the Brāhmaṇas (900 to 500 BCE), early commentaries on the Vedas.[1] Several seals discovered at Indus Valley Civilization (c. 3300–1700 B.C.E.) sites in Pakistan depict figures in positions resembling a common yoga or meditation pose, showing "a form of ritual discipline, suggesting a precursor of yoga", according to archaeologist Gregory Possehl.[2] Some type of connection between the Indus Valley seals and later yoga and meditation practices is speculated (thought) upon by many scholars, though there is no conclusive evidence.

Yoga was one of the most popular exercises during the Aryan period.

  • Jonathan Mark Kenoyer describes one figure as "seated in yogic position". Around the Indus in 90 Slides by Jonathan Mark Kenoyer
  • Karel Werner writes that " Archeological discoveries allow us therefore to speculate with some justification that a wide range of Yoga activities was already known to the people of pre-Aryan India."[3]
  • Baba Ramdev the First was a great yogalogist{one who is a master in yoga}.
  • Baba Ramdev the Third is currently a Teacher in India.

Important yoga words (Eight Organs of Yoga)[change | change source]

  • Yama: Positive Rules of meditations
  • Niyama: Prohibitory Rules of meditations
  • Asanas: physical postures and movements
  • Pranayama: breathing techniques
  • Prtyahar: controlling the mind
  • Dharana: gazing inward
  • Dhyan: meditation with object
  • Samadhi: meditation without object
  • Dhyana: meditations

Types of yoga[change | change source]

  • Classification based on Mind and Body.
    • Rajayoga: Emphasizes the most on exercis
    • Hathayoga: Emphasizes the most on exercise of physical body.
  • Classification based on way of spiritual life.
    • Gyanyoga: It is a way of knowledge.
    • Karmayoga: It is a way of work.
    • Bhaktiyoga: It is a way of worship.
  • Classification based on a way of other things.
    • Swaryoga: Emphasizes the most on breathing.
    • Kriyayoga: Emphasizes the most on blending Karmayoga (Tapa), Gyanyoga (Swadhyay) and Bhaktiyoga (Ishwar Pranidhan).'

Some popular Yogasanas[change | change source]

Yogasan is a pose in which a man can sit.The Intention of yogasan is to exercise the body and making it free of pains and problems.

Yogi is a person who has mastered yoga OR achieved great success in yoga.Yogasanas are also called as ''Asan" or ''Asanas(plural/more than one).A Yogi can sit in any asan for a given time.

Pawanmuktasan (gas release pose).......used generally to release the gases in the stomach.....

Pawanmuktasan[change | change source]

Its helps to release gas in the stomach.....we feel light



Back gets cleared of blocks(we can hear cracking in the spine) and we feel fresh.

Ek pad Chakrasan

Other websites[change | change source]

References[change | change source]

  1. Flood, p. 94.
  2. Possehl (2003), pp. 144–145
  3. Werner, Karel (1998). Yoga and Indian Philosophy. Motilal Banarsidass Publ.. p. 103. ISBN 9788120816091.