Alveolar consonant

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An alveolar consonant is a consonant with the tongue close to the alveolar ridge, which is the part just behind our teeth. Alveolar consonants that are pronounced with the tip of the tongue, like in English, are called apical consonants while those pronounced using the blade of the tongue which is the flat part of the tongue behind the tip, are called laminal consonants. Alveolar consonants in English are [n], [t], [d], [s], and [l]. The alveolar consonants [n], the alveolar nasal, and [t], the voiceless alveolar plosive, are the most common sounds in human languages.

Alveolar consonants in IPA[change | change source]

The alveolar/coronal consonants identified by the IPA are:

IPA Description Example
Language Orthography IPA Meaning in English
Xsampa-n.png alveolar nasal English run [ɹʷʌn] run
Xsampa-t.png voiceless alveolar plosive English tap [tʰæp] tap
Xsampa-d.png voiced alveolar plosive English debt [dɛt] debt
Xsampa-s.png voiceless alveolar fricative English suit [sjuːt] suit
Xsampa-z.png voiced alveolar fricative English zoo [zuː] zoo
Xsampa-ts.png voiceless alveolar affricate German Zeit [t͡saɪt] time
Xsampa-dz.png voiced alveolar affricate Italian zaino d͡zaino] backpack
Xsampa-K2.png voiceless alveolar lateral fricative Welsh Llwyd [ɬʊɪd] the name Lloyd or Floyd
Xsampa-Kslash.png voiced alveolar lateral fricative Zulu dlala ɮálà] to play
t͡ɬ voiceless alveolar lateral affricate Tsez элIни [ˈʔɛ̝t͡ɬni] winter
d͡ɮ voiced alveolar lateral affricate Oowekyala
Xsampa-rslash2.png alveolar approximant English red [ɹʷɛd] red
Xsampa-l.png alveolar lateral approximant English loop [lup] loop
Xsampa-4.png alveolar flap Spanish pero [peɾo] but
Xsampa-lslash.png alveolar lateral flap Venda [vuɺa] to open
Xsampa-r.png alveolar trill Spanish perro [pero] dog
IPA alveolar ejective.png alveolar ejective Georgian [ia] tulip
IPA alveolar ejective fricative.png alveolar ejective fricative Amharic [ɛɡa] grace
Xsampa-d lessthan.png voiced alveolar implosive Vietnamese đã [ɗɐː] Past tense indicator
Xsampa-doublebarslash.png alveolar lateral click Nama ǁî [kǁĩĩ] discussed