Georgian language

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Georgian
ქართული Kartuli
Native to Georgia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Turkey, Russia
Native speakers 4.1 million [1]  (date missing)
Language family
South Caucasian
  • Georgian
Writing system Georgian alphabet
Official status
Official language in Georgia
Language codes
ISO 639-1 ka
ISO 639-2 geo (B)
kat (T)
ISO 639-3 kat

Georgian (ქართული ენა, kartuli ena) is the official language of Georgia, a country in the Caucasus.

Georgian is the primary language of about 3.9 million people in Georgia itself (83 percent of the population), and of another 500,000 abroad (chiefly in Turkey, Iran, Russia, USA and Europe). It is the literary language for all ethnographic groups of Georgian people, especially those who speak other South Caucasian languages (or Kartvelian languages): Svans, Megrelians, and the Laz. Gruzinic, or "Kivruli", sometimes considered a separate Jewish language, is spoken by an additional 20,000 in Georgia and 65,000 elsewhere (primarily 60,000 in Israel).

References[change | edit source]

  1. Encyclopedia of the Languages of Europe By Glanville Price