Angolan Civil War
|Angolan Civil War|
|Part of the Cold War and the South African Border War|
Cuba (until 1991)
Soviet Union (until 1989)
South Africa (until 1989)
People's Republic of China
|Commanders and leaders|
| Agostinho Neto
José Eduardo dos Santos
| Jonas Savimbi †
| Angolan troops:
|| UNITA militants:
|Casualties and losses|
|Over 500,000 civilians killed|
The Angolan Civil War was a major civil war in the African country of Angola. It started in 1975 and continued until 2002. The war started right after Angola became independent from Portugal in November 1975. The Civil War was mostly a fight for power between two former liberation movements, the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA) and the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA). In 2002 the MPLA won.
About 500,000 people died in the war. The war also did a lot of damage to the buildings. Because of all the damage in 2003 80% of Angolans lacked access to basic medical care, 60% lacked access to water, and 30% of Angolan children would die before the age of 5, with an overall national life expectancy of less than 40 years of age.
References[change | change source]
- Nzongola-Ntalaja, Georges; Wallerstein, Immanuel Maurice (1986). The Crisis in Zaire. pp. 193–194.
- Sellström, Tor (2002). SWEDEN - And National Liberation in South Africa - Volume II, Solidarity and Assistance 1970-1994. p. 131
- W. Martin James - A Political History of the Civil War in Angola
- La Guerras Secretas de Fidel Castro (in Spanish)
- Africa South of Sahara 2004, page 66
- La Guerras Secretas de Fidel Castro
- CHAPTER XI: Chevron-Gulf Keeps Marxist Angola Afloat
- struggle,_civil_war,_and_intervention.html Angola-Independence Struggle, Civil War, and Intervention
- Political terrorism: a new guide to actors, concepts, data bases, theories and literature
- Fidel Castro of Africa! - Natna
- Bush Wars: The Road to Cuito Cuanavale
- Soviet Union and Russia lost 25,000 military men in foreign countries - English Pravda
- Madsen, Wayne (2002-05-17). "Report Alleges US Role in Angola Arms-for-Oil Scandal". CorpWatch. http://www.corpwatch.org/article.php?id=2576. Retrieved 2008-02-10.
- Polgreen, Lydia (2003-07-30). "Angolans Come Home to 'Negative Peace'". The New York Times. http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9C02EEDF173EF933A05754C0A9659C8B63. Retrieved 2008-02-10.